资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 161-172.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.15

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海洋“碳汇渔业”研究述评

徐敬俊(), 覃恬恬, 韩立民   

  1. 中国海洋大学管理学院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-01 修回日期:2017-10-22 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2018-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:徐敬俊,男,山东青岛人,副教授,研究方向为海洋经济与管理、渔业经济与管理。E-mail: xujingjun@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    山东省社会科学规划项目(17CGLJ16);国家社科基金重大项目(14ZDA040)

A review of research on marine carbon sink fisheries

Jingjun XU(), Tiantian QIN, Limin HAN   

  1. Management College of Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Revised:2017-10-22 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20

摘要:

中国海洋渔业正处于产业化快速发展与环境承载力不堪重负的拐点阶段,发展低碳化海洋渔业是中国渔业可持续发展必然选择,优化和创新碳汇渔业产业运行机制面临着迫切的实践需要,发展碳汇渔业,对于从根本上推进中国海洋渔业供给侧结构性改革意义重大。通过对“碳汇渔业”内涵、固碳机理、碳汇能力以及产业发展路径研究四个方面的文献回顾与简要评述,认为碳汇渔业的研究还处于初期阶段,产业发展基础薄弱,亟需科学的政策调适与制度安排才能予以保障,宏观激励政策的制定有助于推动碳汇渔业的发展,如何选择合理的海洋水产养殖业产业组织模式将是今后研究的重点。

关键词: 碳汇渔业, 环境承载力, 固碳机理, 海水养殖

Abstract:

Chinese marine fisheries are at an inflection stage of rapid development of industrialization and environmental capacity overwhelmed. We urgently need to optimize and innovate carbon sink fisheries operating mechanisms because carbon sink fisheries are an important component of low-carbon greening which will fundamentally promote marine fishery supply side structural reform. There is no doubt that carbon sink fisheries have an important influence on the change and enhance fishery production and marine ecological civilization in the development of marine carbon sink fisheries, but on the understanding of marine carbon sink fisheries and the mechanism of carbon sink fisheries involves many factors. Here we collected and sorted the relevant literature in order to help build a communication bridge between scientific research and industrial development, and better promote the sound development of carbon sink fisheries. Through the four aspects of the literature review and comment about carbon sink fishery connotation, carbon sequestration mechanisms, carbon sequestration and industrial development path, we found that the concept of carbon sink fisheries remains in an embryonic stage. The foundation is weak and we need scientific policy adjustment and institutional arrangements to promote reasonable marine aquaculture industry organization models. With social and economic development and environmental protection concepts improving, the advantages of carbon sink fisheries will become increasingly important. More researchers and aquaculture enterprises will promote the development of carbon sink fisheries industries via government policy guidance.

Key words: carbon sinks fisheries, environmental carrying capacity, carbon sequestration mechanism, seawater aquaculture.