资源科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 117-124.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.11

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考虑用水主体满意度的流域水资源优化配置研究

褚钰1,2()   

  1. 1. 河南工程学院,郑州 451191
    2. 河海大学,南京 210098
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-20 修回日期:2017-09-22 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2018-01-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:褚钰,女,河南荥阳人,博士,讲师,主要研究领域为水资源与水环境管理。E-mail:cychuyu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    河南工程学院博士基金项目(D2016035);国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL097);河南省政府决策研究招标课题(2017B389);河南省社会科学规划项目(2017BJJ023)

Optimal water resource allocation of the river basin considering the water body satisfaction degree

Yu CHU1,2()   

  1. 1. Henan University of Engineering, Zhengzhou 451191, China
    2. Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
  • Received:2017-02-20 Revised:2017-09-22 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20

摘要:

目前,中国的流域水资源配置主要基于集体理性假设,从水资源单一决策主体的角度出发,追求流域利益最大化,由于未能充分考虑各用水主体的协商意愿和利益诉求,容易使得用水主体对配水方案的满意程度不高,方案执行阻力较大。为此,本文定义了用水主体满意度,来衡量用水主体对水资源配置方案的满意程度,在此基础上,提出了用水主体满意度原则,并将其数学量化为最低满意度函数和差异满意度函数,为用水主体参与水资源配置决策提供协商渠道。最后,结合水资源分配基本原则和用水主体满意度原则,构建了流域水资源优化配置模型,并进行了算例验证。结果表明,①所建模型符合流域水资源配置的公平性原则;②各区域对于分水方案的满意度水平与自身决策权重存在正相关匹配关系;③最低满意度设置较低时,流域水资源管理者更侧重于分水活动的高效性;反之,更侧重于分水活动的公平性。

关键词: 流域水资源, 优化配置, 用水主体, 满意度函数, 清漳河流域

Abstract:

At present, water resource allocation of river basins in China is mainly based on the hypothesis of collective rationality and from the perspective of the single decision body so as to maximize benefits to the whole river basin. For failing to fully consider the negotiation will and interests of various water bodies in the river basin, the bodies’ satisfaction degree of water distribution scheme is always low and scheme execution resistance is generally high. We define the concept of the satisfaction degree of water body to measure bodies’ satisfaction level of water resource allocation schemes. On this basis, we further propose the satisfaction degree principle, and quantify it to two functions (the lowest satisfaction degree function and the difference satisfaction degree function) to provide water bodies with a participation channel in river basin water allocation decision-making. Combining basic water allocation principles and satisfaction degree principles, we build an optimal water resources allocation model of river basins, and validity is verified using the Qingzhang River Basin. We found that the built model conforms with the principle of equity; the level of the satisfaction degree of various areas in the river basin to the water diversion scheme is positively correlated with these areas’ own decision-making weight; and the lower the lowest satisfaction degree is set, the more river basin water resource managers focus on the efficiency of water activities. And in contrast, the higher the lowest satisfaction degree is set, the more the managers pay attention to the fairness of water activity.

Key words: river basin water resources, optimal allocation, water body, satisfaction degree function, Qingzhang River Basin