资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 2323-2334.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.12.11

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主要新能源发电替代减排的研究综述

牟初夫1,2(), 王礼茂1,2(), 屈秋实1,2, 方叶兵1,2,3, 张宏4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
    3. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241003
    4. 中国人民解放军信息工程大学地理空间信息学院,郑州 450002
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-07 修回日期:2017-11-20 出版日期:2017-12-31 发布日期:2017-12-31
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:牟初夫 ,男,湖北松滋人,博士生,从事能源经济与地缘政治研究。E-mail:mouchufu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    中华人民共和国科学技术部国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0602800);国家自然科学基金项目(41171110)

Review of emission reduction research on major new energy generation

Chufu MOU1,2(), Limao WANG1,2(), Qiushi QU1,2, Yebing FANG1,2,3, Hong ZHANG4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China
    4. College of Geospatial Information,PLA Information Engineering University,Zhengzhou 450002,China
  • Received:2017-09-07 Revised:2017-11-20 Online:2017-12-31 Published:2017-12-31

摘要:

新能源替代传统化石能源对实现2030年碳排放达峰目标具有重要作用。新能源发电替代减排是碳减排最为重要的形式之一,积极开展相关领域的研究意义重大。本文在对国内外有关新能源发电替代减排的研究文献进行搜集、整理和分析总结的基础上,对已有研究成果从新能源资源潜力评估、发电替代减排量测算、产业全生命周期碳排放计算和减排的成本效益等四个方面进行了整理。综述发现已有的新能源发电减排量测算方法各有利弊,新能源产业自身碳排放核算缺乏统一的界定范围,而且新能源的开发成本和效益也缺乏明确的核算标准。最后,本文从如何对新能源的技术进步率进行科学预测、系统地建立新能源发展与减排的效益评估体系、减排目标下新能源产业发展路径的描述等研究方向进行了展望。

关键词: 新能源发电, 替代减排, 成本效益分析, 综述

Abstract:

To achieve the 2030 carbon emissions peak target,it is important to replace fossil fuels with new energy sources. Using new energy generation to reduce carbon emissions is one of the most important forms. It is particularly important to carry out research in related fields. On the basis of collecting and summarizing research into new energy generation reducing carbon emissions in China and abroad,we combed the literature from the aspects of new energy resource potential assessment,emission replacement calculation,life cycle carbon emission calculation and cost-benefit analysis. We found that current studies have the following issues:(1)the calculating methods of new energy generation reducing carbon emissions have advantages and disadvantages;(2)carbon emission accounting of new energy industry itself lacks a uniform definition of calculating scope;(3)costs and benefits of new energy development also lack clear accounting standards. Finally,future research directions are discussed regarding scientific prediction of new energies’ technological progress rate,establishing benefit evaluation systems of new energy development and emission reduction,and describing the development path of new energy industry under emission reduction targets.

Key words: new energy power generation, emission reduction, cost-benefit analyze, review