资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2176-2185.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.15

• 海洋资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海洋药用生物资源可持续利用潜力评价——基于熵权-层次分析法

戴桂林1, 林春宇1, 付秀梅1, 王娜1, 李于森1   

  1. 中国海洋大学经济学院,青岛 266100
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-10 修回日期:2017-09-18 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 付秀梅,E-mail:fuxiumei92@163.com
  • 作者简介:戴桂林,男,山东烟台人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为海洋经济、资源开发战略与评价。E-mail:oucdaiguilin@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-07-0777); 国家海洋局软科学项目(G.2200205.150301); 广西科技兴海专项 (GXZC2014-G3-0578-KLZB(C))

Evaluation on the sustainable utilization potential of marine medicinal bioresources in China based on Entropy-AHP

DAI Guilin1, LIN Chunyu1, FU Xiumei1, WANG Na1, LI Yusen1   

  1. College of Economics,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China
  • Received:2017-02-10 Revised:2017-09-18 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 本文对中国沿海11省市(不包括港澳台)海洋药用生物资源的利用潜力进行了定量测算以及等级划分,并对各省海洋生物医药产业的发展潜力做出了比较评价,为相关省区海洋药用生物资源优化配置及其产业合理布局提供决策参考。论文从自然条件、经济与技术条件和社会条件三个层面,选取20个影响海洋药用生物资源潜力的因素,运用熵权法和层次分析法,确定了20个影响因子在海洋药用生物资源潜力评价中的权重值,建立海洋药用生物资源可持续利用潜力的评价体系。评价指标中的政策支持强度、海洋药品市场辐射能力、环境多样性、药用资源供给数量以及药用资源研发水平的权重居于前五位,表明该5项指标是影响海洋药用生物资源开发利用潜力的主要因素。通过实证分析,将中国大陆沿海11个省市的海洋药用生物资源可持续利用潜力进行排序和分级,结果依次为:第1级有广东、浙江;第2级有海南、山东、福建、江苏、广西、上海;第3级有天津、辽宁、河北。结合主要影响指标贡献度,从国家总体和各省分级层面提出了对策与建议,以期有利于提高海洋药用生物资源的可持续利用潜力。

关键词: 层次分析法, 海洋药用生物资源, 可持续利用, 潜力评价, 熵权法

Abstract: Resource is the material basis for industrial development. This study focuses on quantitative calculation and rank for marine medicinal bioresources in sustainable utilization potential in coastal provincial-level areas of China(excluding Hong Kong,Macao and Taiwan),and then evaluates the development potential of regional marine biopharmaceutical industry,aiming to provide references for decision making on optimizing the allocation of resources and layouts industries reasonably. We select 20 impact factors from three aspects:natural conditions,economic and technological conditions,and social conditions. Then,we calculate weight values of 20 factors obtained through Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)and Entropy method,and further establish a system for evaluating sustainable utilization potential of marine medicinal bio-resources. It is found that the top five weight values of 20 factors are policy support strength,marine biopharmaceutical market radiation,environmental diversity,the amount of supply of marine medicinal bio-resources,and the level of research and development of medicinal bio-resources,which are the main factors influencing sustainable utilization potential of marine medicinal bioresources. The above evaluation system is applied to 11 provincial-level areas in coastal,China. Results show that Guangdong and Zhejiang are in the first grade. Hainan,Shandong,Fujian,Jiangsu,Guangxi,and Shanghai are in the second grade. Liaoning,Hebei and Tianjin are in the third grade. Finally,considering the contribution degree of the main influencing factors,we propose suggestions for these provincial-level areas which can promote the development marine biopharmaceutical industries,and enhance sustainable utilization potential of marine medicinal bio-resources.

Key words: AHP, entropy, marine medicinal bioresource, potential evaluation, sustainable utilization