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集中连片特困区农地转出户生计策略选择研究——基于六盘山的微观实证分析

1. 1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌712100;
2. 西北农林科技大学应用经济研究中心,杨凌712100
• 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20

Analysis on the choice of livelihood strategies of peasant households who rent out farmland and influencing factors：an micro-empirical study of the contiguous destitute areas of Liupan Mountains

CAI Jie1, 2, MA Hongyu1, 2, XIA Xianli1, 2

1. 1. College of Economics and Management,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China;
2 . Applied Economic Research Center,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China
• Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

Abstract: Investigating the choice of livelihood strategies has great significance for improving the livelihood of peasant households who rent out farmland. This paper makes use of 428 field survey data from peasant households who rent out farmland. The K-means clustering method was used to classify the livelihood strategies of the sample farmers,and based on a sustainable livelihood approach framework,the status quo of livelihood capital for peasant households who rent out farmland was calculated. The Multinomial Logit regression model was used to explore the relationship between livelihood capitals and livelihood strategies. The results showed that：firstly,for the five types of livelihood capital,most peasant households who rent out farmland process a large amount of human and social capital,whereas there is a smaller impact on livelihood strategies because of natural and physical capital,which have respective indexes of 0.084 and 0.063. Human capital is the main driving force for farmers to help maintain family income growth and promote livelihood model innovation. Social capital also helps farmers deal with risks and reduce vulnerability. Secondly,livelihood strategies are divided into three types,namely,agriculture oriented,part-time oriented and labor oriented. Thirdly,increasing the size of the labor force and the amount of non-formal channel loans,peasant households who rent out farmland make the best choice of selecting the labor oriented livelihood strategy. However,when peasant households who rent out farmland have a high proportion of the labor force and are able to receive free assistance,they tend to choose the agriculture oriented strategy. We also find that when the family members are healthier,there is a higher probability for selecting the part-time oriented strategy. Further,the younger the head of the household,the more likely it is that peasant households who rent out farmland will choose the "part-time" livelihood strategy.