资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2083-2093.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.07

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

集中连片特困区农地转出户生计策略选择研究——基于六盘山的微观实证分析

蔡洁1, 2, 马红玉1, 2, 夏显力1, 2   

  1. 1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌712100;
    2. 西北农林科技大学应用经济研究中心,杨凌712100
  • 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20

Analysis on the choice of livelihood strategies of peasant households who rent out farmland and influencing factors:an micro-empirical study of the contiguous destitute areas of Liupan Mountains

CAI Jie1, 2, MA Hongyu1, 2, XIA Xianli1, 2   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China;
    2 . Applied Economic Research Center,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China
  • Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 探讨农地转出户生计策略选择及其影响因素对提高农地转出户的生计水平有重要意义。本文利用六盘山集中连片特困区428份农地转出户的抽样调查数据,运用K-均值聚类对样本农户的生计策略进行分类,测算了农地转出户的生计资本,采用多项Logit模型分析了集中连片特困区农地转出户生计策略选择的影响因素。研究结果表明:①大部分农地转出户具有较高的人力资本和社会资本,而自然资本和物质资本较小;②农地转出户的生计策略分为“农业主导型”、“兼业型”和“务工主导型”三种类型;③劳动力数量、非正规渠道贷款金额是影响农地转出户选择“务工主导型”生计策略的关键因素;劳动力占比和能否获得无偿援助对农地转出户选择“务农主导型”生计策略的影响较大;健康状况、家庭结构是农地转出户选择“兼业型”生计策略的重要影响因素。

关键词: 集中连片特困区, 六盘山, 农地流转, 农地转出户, 生计策略, 生计资本

Abstract: Investigating the choice of livelihood strategies has great significance for improving the livelihood of peasant households who rent out farmland. This paper makes use of 428 field survey data from peasant households who rent out farmland. The K-means clustering method was used to classify the livelihood strategies of the sample farmers,and based on a sustainable livelihood approach framework,the status quo of livelihood capital for peasant households who rent out farmland was calculated. The Multinomial Logit regression model was used to explore the relationship between livelihood capitals and livelihood strategies. The results showed that:firstly,for the five types of livelihood capital,most peasant households who rent out farmland process a large amount of human and social capital,whereas there is a smaller impact on livelihood strategies because of natural and physical capital,which have respective indexes of 0.084 and 0.063. Human capital is the main driving force for farmers to help maintain family income growth and promote livelihood model innovation. Social capital also helps farmers deal with risks and reduce vulnerability. Secondly,livelihood strategies are divided into three types,namely,agriculture oriented,part-time oriented and labor oriented. Thirdly,increasing the size of the labor force and the amount of non-formal channel loans,peasant households who rent out farmland make the best choice of selecting the labor oriented livelihood strategy. However,when peasant households who rent out farmland have a high proportion of the labor force and are able to receive free assistance,they tend to choose the agriculture oriented strategy. We also find that when the family members are healthier,there is a higher probability for selecting the part-time oriented strategy. Further,the younger the head of the household,the more likely it is that peasant households who rent out farmland will choose the "part-time" livelihood strategy.

Key words: contiguous destitute areas, land transfer, Liupan Mountains, livelihood capital, livelihood strategy, peasant households who rent out farmland