资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2073-2082.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.06

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村土地整治的碳效应及其政策响应

费罗成1, 吴次芳2, 程久苗1   

  1. 1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241003;
    2. 浙江大学公共管理学院,杭州 310029
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-19 修回日期:2017-08-20 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 吴次芳,E-mail:wucifang@zju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:费罗成,男,安徽当涂人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为土地利用与土地整治。E-mail:flcbbm@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKY2015D73)

Carbon effect of rural land consolidation and its policy response

FEI Luocheng1, WU Cifang2, CHENG Jiumiao1   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China;
    2. School of Public Administration,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China
  • Received:2016-08-19 Revised:2017-08-20 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 在中国加强生态文明建设和“固碳减排”目标的新形势下,对大规模农村土地整治产生的生态环境影响进行分析显得尤为重要,其造成的碳效应也逐渐受到重视。根据农村土地整治的实施流程逻辑,本文分别探析了项目造成的土地利用结构碳效应、工程措施碳效应、农田管理碳效应,并据此提出项目立项阶段、施工阶段和管护阶段的政策响应,以推动农村土地整治向更高阶段发展。研究表明:①农村土地整治的碳效应具有复杂性、多样性、动态性,并不是简单的项目区碳库储量增加或减少的关系,需要综合考虑项目区土地利用变化、工程施工量和施工类型、后期农田管理措施等;②项目的立项阶段、施工阶段和后期管护阶段需要制定“项目区碳库增加最多或损失最少”的导引性目标,以实现农村土地整治项目的固碳作用;③碳效应的管理措施应该注重地区和群众的内在需求层次,综合考虑地区的社会经济发展水平、人民群众意愿等多种因素,逐步有序推广引导,防止农村土地整治由“经济至上主义”走向“生态至上主义”。

关键词: 农村土地, 碳库, 碳效应, 土地整治, 政策响应

Abstract: In the new era,China is strengthening the construction of ecological civilization to realize the goal of “carbon sequestration and emission reduction”. It is important to promote ecological environmental protection in large-scale rural land consolidation,and take the carbon effect as a great concern. According to the framework of the implementation of rural land consolidation,we,from a theoretical perspective,analyzed the carbon effect in terms of land use structure,engineering measures,and cropland management caused by the project. Subsequently,the comparative analysis method was used to discuss the causes of carbon effect of rural land consolidation. Finally,according to the fact that the carbon effect exists in the rural land regulation,we propose relevant policies for the project of rural land consolidation in initiation stage,construction stage and maintenance stage. According to the research,we look forward to promote rural land consolidation to a higher stage. Research shows that:(1)the carbon effects of rural land consolidation is featured by complexity,diversity and dynamics,instead of by a linear relationship of increasing or decreasing carbon storage. We need to consider land use change,construction quantity and construction type,final farmland management measures,etc. in the project-covered area;(2)the priority policy needs to be formulated to realize the leading goal of “the maximum increase or minimum decrease in carbon pools” in initiation stage,construction stage and final management and maintenance stage. Then the carbon sequestration function of rural land consolidation project may be enhanced;(3)management measures related to carbon effects should focus on internal needs of the local governments and the grassroots,as well as factors such as socio-economic status of a region. Accordingly,the policy guidance of carbon effect in rural land consolidation should be promoted gradually and orderly,to avoid the trend from “economic supremacy" to "ecological fundamentalism".

Key words: carbon effect, carbon pool, land consolidation, policy response, rural land