资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2062-2072.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.05

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境变迁、流转价格与林地流转意愿——基于粤、赣两省的农户调查

张自强1, 李怡2   

  1. 1.贵州大学旅游与文化产业学院,贵阳 550025;
    2. 华南农业大学经济管理学院,广州 510642
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-29 修回日期:2017-08-05 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 李怡,E-mail:liyi520@scau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张自强,男,贵州桐梓人,博士,副教授,研究方向为林业经济理论与政策。E-mail:532959728@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金青年项目(16CJY042)

Environmental change,transfer price and willingness of forestland transfer based on the survey of farmers in Guangdong and Jiangxi

ZHANG Ziqiang1, LI Yi2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Culture Industry,Guizhou University,Guiyang 550025,China;
    2. College of Economics and Management,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China
  • Received:2016-09-29 Revised:2017-08-05 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 基于农户效用最大化构建集体林地流转价格决定与流转意愿关系的模型,认为流转意愿价格差异取决于环境变迁下林业经营收益的变化,厘清二者之间的逻辑关系有助于为推动林地规模经营提供决策参考。一方面,木材价格的上涨预期、非木材收益的逐渐显现和林地的禀赋效应共同抬高了林地转出意愿价格,农户经营行为能力的提升则进一步增强了对林地的持有意愿。另一方面,林地规模收益的增量有限抑制了林地转入意愿价格的提升。通过对江西与广东的农户调查发现,农户集体林地的流转比例、流转频率和转出意愿均较低;实证结果表明,轮伐期较长的树种转出意愿低,林业金融服务对农户林地转出意愿具有显著的负向影响。农户林地流转的双向弱化促使林地规模经营的实现更倾向于合作,对股份合作、联户经营等合作方式的政策支持有利于林地的规模化经营。

关键词: 规模经营, 集体林地, 流转价格, 农户意愿

Abstract: Based on the maximization of farmer households’ utility,this paper developed a model of the relationship between households’ willingness of collective forestland transfer and forestland transfer price. We found that the expected price of forestland transfer depended on the income of forestry management. And,households’ income was changed due to the change of macroeconomic environment. Therefore,clarifying the logical relationship is important for local governments to design and implement relevant policies that are conducive to forestland scale management. On the one hand,in the past decades,timber prices have kept going up and are expected to rise in the future. Moreover,non-timber values of forestland management have increased continuously in recent years. With both the changes,the endowment effect of forestland was enhanced. As a result,these factors have helped raise the expected price of forestland transfer among farmers. In addition,with the increasing upgrade of forestry management abilities,farmers are more willing to manage woodlands and reluctant to convert woodlands to other types of land. On the other hand,the increment of forest scale income is limited,which is not conducive to the rise of the expected price of forestland transfer. Based on survey data from farmers in Jiangxi and Guangdong provinces,we found that collective forestland transfer among farmers were inactive such as less ratio of forestland transfer,low frequency of forestland transfer and low willingness of forestland transfer. Furthermore,the empirical results show that the trees with longer rotation receive low willingness of forestland transfer. The forestry financial services have a significantly negative impact on the farmers' willingness of forestland transfer. Finally,we believe that the realization of forestland scale management may be preferred to cooperation because of double-side weakening of forestland transfer among households. Share cooperation,union operation and other cooperative modes need the policy support for forestland scale management.

Key words: collective forestland, households’, scale management, transfer price, willingness