资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2052-2061.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.04

• 专栏:海洋经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

环渤海地区海洋经济增长质量时空分异与类型划分

李博, 田闯, 史钊源   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-10 修回日期:2017-10-05 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:李博,女,吉林长春人,博士,副教授,主要从事区域发展和海洋经济地理研究。E-mail:libo_ok@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大课题(16JJD790021); 国家自然科学基金青年项目(41201114); 辽宁省教育厅基地重点项目(JZ201783604)

Spatio-temporal analysis and type classification of marine economic growth quality in Bohai Rim region

LI Bo, TIAN Chuang, SHI Zhaoyuan   

  1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China
  • Received:2017-05-10 Revised:2017-10-05 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 海洋强国战略的实施迫切需要提升海洋经济增长质量且尽可能持续长久的中高速增长,本文采用熵权-集对分析对2000—2014年环渤海地区17个沿海城市的海洋经济增长质量进行测度,并利用核密度估计和均值标准差法对该地区海洋经济增长质量进行时空分异和类型划分。结论如下:从时间维度分析,环渤海地区海洋经济增长质量曲线整体上呈偏态分布为非严格单峰,从峰度上看,海洋经济增长质量曲线由宽峰发展为尖峰,绝大多数城市的海洋经济增长质量得到了大幅度提高;从空间维度分析,环渤海地区海洋经济增长质量得分空间分布呈现由北高南低向南高北低的演变趋势;划分海洋经济增长质量类型,快速增长城市包括青岛、唐山、沧州,平稳增长城市包括天津、秦皇岛、烟台、潍坊、日照、丹东,缓慢增长城市包括大连、锦州、营口、盘锦、葫芦岛、威海、滨州、东营,为各沿海城市对海洋经济发展状况定位提供参考。

关键词: 海洋经济, 环渤海地区, 类型, 时空分异, 增长质量

Abstract: The quality of marine economic growth needs improving urgently under the background of the implementation of national ocean strategy. Based on the analysis of the progress of marine economic research at home and abroad,we use entropy method and set pair analysis to measure the marine economic growth quality of 17 coastal cities in the Bohai Rim region from 2000 to 2014. The Kernel density estimation method and Mean standard deviation method are employed to analyze the growth quality of the marine economy in the study region. The results can reflect the spatio-temporal distribution pattern of the marine economic growth quality during the study period. The conclusions can be drawn as follows:(1)In terms of the temporal dimension,the growth quality of the marine economy in the Bohai Rim region is skewed as a non-strict single peak. Seen from the Kurtosis,the growth quality of the marine economy in this region shows a broad peak shape to the peak development trend from 2000 to 2014. And the marine economic growth quality in the majority of the cities has been greatly improved. (2)In terms of the spatial dimension,the distribution pattern of grades for marine economic growth quality in the study region tends to change from “high in the north and low in the south” to “high in the south and low in the north”. (3)By classifying marine economic growth quality,we can find the cities in rapid growth are Qingdao,Tangshan and Cangzhou;the cities in steady growth are Tianjin,Qinhuangdao,Yantai,Weifang,Rizhao and Dandong;the cities in slow growth are Dalian,Jinzhou,Yingkou,Panjin,Huludao,Weihai,Binzhou and Dongying;the type division of marine economic growth quality provides reference for the marine economic development of these cities.

Key words: Bohai Rim region, growth quality, marine economy, spatio-temporal analysis, type classification