资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 2017-2022.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.11.01

• 专栏:海洋经济与区域发展 •    下一篇

中国区域海洋经济与海洋科技之间的协同与响应关系研究

孙才志1, 郭可蒙1, 邹玮2   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,大连 116029;
    2. 辽宁师范大学外国语学院,大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-10 修回日期:2017-10-25 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:孙才志,男,山东烟台市人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事水资源与海洋经济地理研究。E-mail:suncaizhi@lnnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大课题(16JJD790021)

The coordination and response between regional marine economy and marine science and technology in China

SUN Caizhi1, GUO Kemeng1, ZOU Wei2   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development of Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China;
    2. Foreign Language School of Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China
  • Received:2017-02-10 Revised:2017-10-25 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20

摘要: 构建适于中国沿海地区海洋经济与海洋科技评价体系,经过主客观综合权重法赋权后,对2000—2014年间沿海11省市的海洋经济与海洋科技水平进行评价。通过构建海洋经济与海洋科技之间的协调发展度模型,测算两者历年的协调发展度,并对两者的协调发展度进行时空演变分析;利用基于VAR模型的脉冲响应函数,动态分析各个省市海洋经济与海洋科技之间的响应关系。研究结果表明:①近年来,中国海洋经济与海洋科技水平呈上升趋势;②海洋经济与海洋科技之间的协调发展度逐年递增;2000—2007年,福建省的协调发展度明显提高;2007—2014年,天津、山东、江苏、上海、浙江、广东6省的协调发展度由中级协调发展类提升至高级协调发展类;就全国来说,海洋经济对海洋科技的响应较弱,海洋科技对海洋经济的响应较强;各个地区海洋经济与海洋科技之间的响应关系具有多样性的特点。

关键词: 海洋经济, 海洋科技, 脉冲响应函数, 协调发展度模型, 综合赋权法

Abstract: Aiming at constructing the marine economy and marine science and technology evaluation system which is suitable for Chinese coastal areas, this paper estimates the levels of marine economy and marine science and technology of 11 coastal provincial-level areas from 2000 to 2014 based on the subjective and objective weighting. By using the coordinated development model, this paper measures the coordinated development degree of marine economy and marine science and technology, and analyzes the spatial and temporal evolution of the coordinated development degree of the two aspects. Based on the impulse response function of VAR model, the response relationship between marine economy and marine science and technology was examined in a dynamic way. The results show that, in recent years, the levels of marine economy and marine science and technology present an increasing trend. The coordinated development between marine economy and marine science and technology has been increasing year by year. From 2000 to 2007,the coordinated development degree of Fujian province was significantly improved. And the coordinated development degree of Tianjin, Shandong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Guangdong was promoted from intermediate coordination development to high-level coordinated development from 2007 to 2014. Nationally, the marine economy had a weak response to marine science and technology,while the latter had a strong response to the former. The relationships between the two parts are different from various regions.

Key words: coordinated development model, impulse response function, integrated weighting method, marine economy, marine science and technology