资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1844-1857.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.10.05

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种粮目的对农地流转中农户意愿价格差异的影响

黄文彬(), 陈风波(), 谭莹   

  1. 华南农业大学经济管理学院,广州 510642
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-28 修回日期:2017-09-04 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:黄文彬,男,广东梅州人,硕士,研究方向为农村与区域发展。E-mail:linson2003@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(14BGL094)

The effect of grain production purpose on the disparity of farmers' land transferring willingness price

Wenbin HUANG(), Fengbo CHEN(), Ying TAN   

  1. College of Economic and Management,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China
  • Received:2017-03-28 Revised:2017-09-04 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

在农地流转市场不完善的情况下,农户的农地转出意愿受偿价格(WTA)和农地转入意愿支付价格(WTP)存在差异是普遍现象。意愿价格作为度量农户对农地估值的主要方式,种粮目的差异导致农户对农地估值产生差异,进而通过意愿价格影响农地流转行为。本文将种粮目的划分为满足口粮型、维持就业型和追求利润型,在此基础上,利用5省447户农户调查数据检验了种粮目的对农户农地流转意愿价格差异的影响。研究表明:①在农地流转偏好稳定和具有农地流转意愿的两种情形中,对于WTA,三种类型农户的WTA存在一定的差异,但只有追求利润型农户的WTA显著高于满足口粮型;对于WTP,农户的WTP随着满足口粮、维持就业和追求利润三类种粮目的依次递增。②家庭农业劳动力人数的增加只增强了农户对农地的依赖,WTA显著变大而WTP没有显著变化,而拥有大型农机的农户其对农地依赖的同时也提高了农地转入意愿,WTA和WTP都显著变大。③户主年龄越大,农地转出意愿越强,WTA和WTP都显著变小;家庭承包地面积越大,农地转入意愿越强,WTP显著变大。未来,中国农地流转市场的发展有赖于农户种粮目的的转变。在农地流转需求方面,政策上对种植大户的扶持以及加大农机购置补贴,可以增加追求利润型农户,可能会加速中国农地流转市场的形成。在农地流转供给方面,农村人口老龄化和劳动力迁移可以为农地市场形成提供条件,政策上需要构建更为完善的农村社会保障体系和城乡融合的劳动力市场。

关键词: 种粮目的, 农地流转, 农户意愿价格, WTA, WTP

Abstract:

In the imperfect land transfer market,disparity between willingness to accept (hereafter WTA)and willingness to pay (hereafter WTP)is a universal phenomenon. Willingness price is the main method of farmers' land valuation,different grain production purposes result in a disparity in farmers’ land valuation,thus vary farmers' willingness price of land transfer. We divided grain production purposes into meeting rations,maintaining employment and pursuing benefits across five provinces 447 households to examine the impact of grain production purpose on the land transfer willingness price of farmers. We found that under stable land transfer preference and land transfer willingness possession,there is a disparity in WTA between the three kinds of farmers,but only pursuing benefit farmers have a higher WTA than meeting rations farmers. As to WTP,farmer WTP increases steadily following the meeting rations,maintain employment and pursuing benefit. The increase in family agricultural labor enhances farmer reliance on the land and WTA increases significantly and WTP changes insignificantly. However,possessing large-scale agricultural machines enhances farmer reliance on land and increases their willingness for land transfer in as both WTA and WTP increase significantly. As the age of the household’s head increases,farmer willingness for land transfer out is stronger and both WTA and WTP decrease significantly. The bigger area of household contracted land,farmer willingness for land transfer is stronger and WTP increases significantly. In the future,the development of Chinese rural land transfer markets depends on changes in farmer grain production purposes. Regarding demand,policy supporting large scale planting and increasing large-scale machine subsidies can increase pursuing benefit farmers. This may accelerate the development of the Chinese rural land transfer market. Regarding supply,rural population aging and rural labor migration can increase land supply,government should establish more perfect rural social security systems and urban-rural integration rural land transfer labor markets.

Key words: grain purpose, land transfer, WTA, WTP, rice farmer