资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1834-1843.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.10.04

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地下水漏斗区不同类型农户耕地休耕意愿及其影响因素——基于邢台市598户农户调查

龙玉琴1,2(), 王成1,2(), 邓春1,2, 王钟书1,2, 刘素花3, 陈思4   

  1. 1. 西南大学地理科学学院/乡村人居环境研究实验室,重庆 400715
    2. 岩溶环境重庆市重点实验室,重庆 400715
    3.邢台市农业局,邢台 054001
    4. 邢台广播电视大学,邢台 054000
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-10 修回日期:2017-09-18 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙玉琴,女,重庆南川人,硕士生,研究方向为土地利用与乡村发展。E-mail:cqncly0216@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(15ZDC032)

Fallow willingness of farmland of different types of peasant households and influencing factors in the groundwater funnel area in Xingtai City

Yuqin LONG1,2(), Cheng WANG1,2(), Chun DENG1,2, Zhongshu WANG1,2, Suhua LIU3, Si CHEN4   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science/The Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China
    2. Chongqing Key Laboratory of Karst Environment,Chongqing 400715,China
    3. Xingtai Municipal Bureau of Agriculture,Xingtai 054001,China
    4. Xingtai Radio and TV University,Xingtai 054000,China
  • Received:2017-04-10 Revised:2017-09-18 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

耕地休耕是实现中国“藏粮于地,藏粮于技”战略措施的重要举措。农户作为耕地休耕的直接执行者与受益主体,合理引导不同类型农户参与耕地休耕有利于耕地休耕制度试点的稳妥推进。本文基于河北省邢台市农户调查数据,在农户类型划分基础上辨析不同类型农户的耕地休耕意愿,并运用Logistic回归模型定量分析不同类型农户耕地休耕意愿的影响因素,据此提出针对性的建议。研究表明:邢台市农户兼业行为较为普遍,农户对耕地休耕的意愿较强,但不同类型农户对耕地休耕意愿有所差异,且影响因素包括共同因素和差异性因素两类。共同影响因素包括年龄、小麦库存是否充足及休耕补助核算方式满意度;纯农业型农户受抚养未成年数量、农业劳动力数量、其他收入比例及村干部态度等差异性因素影响,且抚养未成年数量影响程度最为显著;I兼农业型农户休耕意愿受耕地质量、灌溉难易程度、所在村乡镇企业数量及村庄距离集镇远近等差异性因素影响;II兼农业型农户休耕意愿的差异性影响因素包括非农务工收入比例、地块破碎度及灌溉难易程度;耕地是否转出是影响非农业型农户耕地休耕意愿的差异性因素。

关键词: 耕地休耕, 农户意愿, 农户类型, 影响因素, 邢台市

Abstract:

Farmland fallowing is important to realizing the strategic measure of ‘save grain by increasing yield and save grain by enhancing technology’ established by the Chinese government. Peasant households are direct executors and benefit subjects of farmland fallowing,thus,reasonable guidance of different types of peasant households to participate in farmland fallowing is conducive to the orderly and steadily advance of the land fallowing pilot. Based on household data in Xingtai city,Hebei,this study divided peasant households into different types and analyzed farmland fallow willingness of them. Using logistic regression,we analyzed the factors influencing farmland fallow willingness of different types of peasant households,and proposed some suggestions in this regard. The results show that part-time behavior is common among peasant households in Xingtai city and farmland fallowing willingness is strong. However,different types of peasant households show different fallowing willingness,influenced by two kinds of factors:the common factor and the difference factor. Common factors include age,adequacy of wheat stocks,and satisfaction with the subsidy accounting of farmland fallowing. The farmland fallowing willingness of full-farm households is affected by differences factors such as number of minors,number of agricultural labor force,the income ratio besides agriculture and the attitude of village cadres;the number of minors is the most significant factor. Farmland fallowing willingness of I part-time farm households is affected by factors such as cultivated land quality,irrigation difficulty,number of township enterprises in the village and distance from town. The farmland fallowing willingness of II part-time farm households is affected by factors such as the ratio of migrant worker income,plot fragmentation and irrigation difficulty. Cultivated land circulation is the only factor driving the farmland fallowing willingness of non-farm households.

Key words: farmland fallowing, peasant households’ willingness, types of peasant households, influencing factors, Xingtai City