资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1823-1833.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.10.03

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平潭岛快速城市化进程中三生空间冲突分析

廖李红1(), 戴文远1,2,3(), 陈娟4, 黄万里1,2,3, 江方奇1, 胡秋凤1   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
    2. 福建师范大学地理研究所,福州 350007
    3. 湿润亚热带山地生态国家重点实验室培育基地,福州 350007
    4. 福建师范大学旅游学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-11 修回日期:2017-07-05 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:廖李红,女,江西新余人,硕士生,研究方向为土地资源管理。E-mail:824637395@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    福建省科技厅公益类项目(2017R1034-2);福建省科学技术协会科技思想库研究项目(FJKX-A1507);福建省教育厅项目(JB12049S)

Spatial conflict between ecological-production-living spaces on Pingtan Island during rapid urbanization

Lihong LIAO1(), Wenyuan DAI1,2,3(), Juan CHEN4, Wanli HUANG1,2,3, Fangqi JIANG1, Qiufeng HU1   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Sciences,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Research,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China
    3. Cultivation Base of State Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Mountain Ecology,Fuzhou 350007,China
    4. College of Tourism,Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007,China
  • Received:2017-05-11 Revised:2017-07-05 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

三生空间冲突的定量研究可为三生空间的利用管控及合理布局提供理论支撑,并为区域可持续发展提供科学依据。基于土地利用的主导功能及其多功能性质,将福建省平潭岛2000年、2009年和2015年三期土地利用数据划分为生活生产空间、生产生态空间、生态生产空间和生态空间;借鉴景观生态指数方法构建空间冲突指数,对平潭岛“生态-生产-生活”空间冲突进行分析。研究结果表明,平潭岛2000-2015年间生态生产空间均占主导地位,其次是生产生态空间,这两种空间类型的比重均呈下降趋势,而生活生产空间比重则不断增高,生态空间比重趋于平稳;15年间平潭岛空间冲突水平呈上升趋势,并在芦洋乡、中楼乡和敖东镇出现集聚现象,至2015年失控冲突的面积比重已占研究区的41.77%,空间冲突态势已非常严峻;不同空间类型的空间冲突存在一定差异,冲突程度从大到小依次为,生产生态空间>生态空间>生态生产空间>生活生产空间。

关键词: 三生空间, 空间冲突, 冲突指数, 城市化, 平潭岛

Abstract:

Quantitative research into the conflict between ecological-production-living spaces provides support for space use allocation,conflict management and sustainable development. Based on dominant function and multifunction of land use,we divided land use data (from remote sensing images)for three years(2000,2009 and 2015)into four space types (living-production space,production-ecological space,ecological-production space and ecological space)on Pingtan Island. The comprehensive index(SSCI)of spatial conflict was conducted by constructing a comprehensive calculation model (based on the theory of landscape ecological and landscape metrics),then assessing the level of ecological-production-living spaces’ spatial conflict for Pingtan Island. We found that ecological-production space occupied a dominant position,followed by production-ecological space from 2000 to 2015;the proportion of the two space types was over 50% in the study area and showed a downward trend. But the proportion of living- production space was increased and ecological space was in a stable state. The development of spatial conflict evolved from 0.42 to 0.53 for Pingtan Island over the 15 years,and the concentration phenomenon occurs in Luyang,Zhonglou and Aodong. The spatial conflict situation is serious because the proportion of out of control conflict already accounted for 41.77% of the study area in 2015. There are some differences between various spatial conflicts,and space conflicts grade followed the order:production-ecological space > ecological space > ecological-production space > living-production space. Production-ecological space,living-production space (except 2015),ecological space and ecological-production space (except 2000)were all dominated by stable controllable conflict and the proportion was more than 70%. Followed by basically controllable conflict,the proportion of uncontrollable conflict was small.

Key words: ecological-production-living spaces, spatial conflict, conflict index, urbanization, Pingtan Island