资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1812-1822.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.10.02

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用地审批权配置对城市建设用地增长的影响

汤淯媚(), 钟太洋(), 陈宇琼, 徐智颖   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-23 修回日期:2017-07-05 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汤淯媚,女,山东烟台人,硕士生,主要研究方向为土地利用变化。E-mail:yumeitang_36@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271190;41671171;41501185)

Impact of land use permit right allocations on urban land expansion

Yumei TANG(), Taiyang ZHONG(), Yuqiong CHEN, Zhiying XU   

  1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences of Nanjing University,Nanjing 210023,China
  • Received:2016-12-23 Revised:2017-07-05 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20

摘要:

城市建设用地增长受到包括土地政策制度在内的诸多因素影响,其中用地审批是控制土地用途转用进而影响城市建设用地增长的重要制度之一。1995年以来,中国用地审批权配置的变化主要表现为审批权上收至国务院、省级政府和适度调整“下放”。为分析用地审批权配置对城市建设用地增长的影响,在已有文献的基础上,本文梳理了中国用地审批权改革历程,采用2000-2013年全国231个地级市的相关数据并利用面板数据模型进行分析,得出以下结论:①用地审批权上收至国务院对城市建设用地增长只在局部地区有明显减缓作用,审批权“名义下放”对建设用地增长也只在局部地区产生了影响;②用地审批权上收至省级政府对抑制城市建设用地的增长具有区域差异性,东部和西部地区审批权上收省级政府抑制作用明显但其他地区无明显效果;③土地督察制度在全国层面显著减缓城市建设用地增长。

关键词: 用地审批权配置, 城市建设用地, 面板数据, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

Including land policy,the expansion of urban land is affected by many factors,and land use impact of land use permit right allocations on urban land expansion is one of the important policy tool to control the conversion of land use and influence the growth of urban land. Since 1995,the allocation of land use permit rights in China has the power was shared by levels of governments;the power to permit land use was concentrated to the State Council; the provincial governments;the power owned by central government was nominally decentralized to provincial governments. In order to investigate the influence of land use permit right allocation on urban land expansion,we reviewed the reform process of land use approval system in China on the basis of the literature and estimated several model by using data from 231 prefecture level cities in China from 2000 to 2013. We found that in general,there is obviously regional effect on the growth of urban construction land when the power to permit land use were centralized to the State Council,and it is similar for the effect of the power being ‘nominally decentralized’ to provincial government. The power to permit land use being centralized to the provincial governments have effectively restrained the growth of urban construction land in eastern area and western areas,but no significant effect for other regions. The land supervision system has significantly slowed the growth of urban construction land at the national level.

Key words: land use permit right allocation, urban land, panel data, influence factor, China