资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1792-1800.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.09.16

• • 上一篇    

基于选择实验法的湿地保护区农户生态补偿偏好分析——以陕西汉中朱鹮国家级自然保护区周边社区为例

孙博1(), 段伟2, 丁慧敏1, 冯彦1, 温亚利1()   

  1. 1.北京林业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
    2.华南农业大学经济管理学院,广州 510642
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-15 修回日期:2017-06-14 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙博,女,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士,研究方向为资源与环境经济。E-mail:sbgzhm@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    林业公益性行业科研专项课题(201404422);国家林业局-联合国开发计划署/全球环境基金项目(NP-2014-005)

Preference analysis of household ecological compensation in Crested Ibis protected area in Hanzhong,Shaanxi based on choice experiments

Bo SUN1(), Wei DUAN2, Huimin DING1, Yan FENG1, Yali WEN1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China
    2. School of Economics and Management,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China
  • Received:2016-12-15 Revised:2017-06-14 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20

摘要:

了解湿地保护区农户生态补偿政策偏好有助于湿地及其周边生态环境的改善。本研究选取陕西汉中朱鹮保护区300份有效农户数据,采用选择实验法分析农户对不同湿地生态补偿方案的偏好及受偿意愿。研究结果表明:①补偿政策设计对于农户参与意愿影响显著,其中方案实施年限、土地参与比例、农药减少比例的影响为负,补偿额度的影响为正;②年龄、受教育程度、保护认知、居住在保护区内、家庭人口数和人均年收入显著影响农户对湿地生态补偿政策属性的偏好,年龄对农户参与生态补偿意愿的影响为负,其他个体特征的影响为正;③在补偿标准制定方面,湿地周边农户年受偿意愿的均值为608.56元/hm2,若延长1年的实施期,需要额外对每公顷土地补偿8.09元;若土地参与比例增加1%,需要额外对每公顷土地补偿58.00元;若农户减少10%的农药使用量,需要额外对每公顷土地补偿45.91元。中国湿地生态补偿标准的制定既要考虑到不同设计对于农户的影响,也要考虑到农户的人口特征,实行动态富有弹性的补偿标准。

关键词: 湿地保护区, 农户意愿, 生态补偿政策, 选择实验法, 朱鹮, 陕西

Abstract:

Understanding preferences for ecological compensation policies around wetland protected areas helps improve the ecological environment of wetlands and surroundings. Here,we selected 300 valid peasant households in the Crested Ibis protected area in Hanzhong,Shaanxi,and used choice experiments to analyze farmer preferences for different ecological compensation schemes and willingness to accept ecological compensation. We found that the design of compensation policy significantly affected farmer willingness to participate,among which the influence of plan implementation period,land participation and pesticide reduction ratio was negative,and the influence of compensation amount was positive. Age,education level,protection awareness,living in the protected area,family population and per capita annual income affected household preference for wetland ecological compensation attributes,the effect of age on farmer willingness to participate in ecological compensation was negative,and the effect of other individual characteristics was positive. In terms of compensation standard,the mean value of farmer annual willingness to accept compensation surrounding wetland is 608.56CNY/hm2;if the implementation period was extended by one year additional compensation of 8.09CNY/hm2 was needed. If the area involved in land compensation increased by 10% the need for additional compensation was 58.00CNY/hm2. If the farmer reduced the amount of pesticide by 10% additional compensation of 459.09CNY/hm2 was needed. Wetland ecological compensation standards in China should not only consider the influence of different household designs but also population characteristics,and carry out dynamic and elastic compensation standards.

Key words: wetland reserve, household preference, ecological compensation policy, choice experiment method, Crested Ibis, Shaanxi