资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1692-1701.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.09.08

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中国县级海岛经济体脆弱性综合评价及空间分异研究

秦伟山1,2(), 孙剑锋1, 张义丰2, 李世泰1   

  1. 1. 鲁东大学资源与环境工程学院,烟台 264025
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-24 修回日期:2017-09-06 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-09-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:秦伟山,男,山东潍坊人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为海岛经济,区域经济。E-mail:weishan93@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501129);中国博士后基金委面上项目(O7Z7604UZ1)

Research on vulnerability and spatial differentiation on island economies on county level of China

Weishan QIN1,2(), Jianfeng SUN1, Yifeng ZHANG2, Shitai LI1   

  1. 1. School of Resource and Environment Engineering,Ludong University,Yantai 264025,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2017-03-24 Revised:2017-09-06 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20

摘要:

海岛经济体脆弱性是海岛经济体人地关系系统在发展过程中受到内外部干扰所表现出的不可持续状态。本研究从自然本底、资源、生态环境、社会和经济5个层面选取38项具体指标,构建海岛经济体脆弱性综合评价体系,对2016年中国12个海岛县海岛经济体脆弱性指数值进行了测定,并对这些海岛县脆弱性的空间分异进行了分析。结果表明:中国12个海岛县脆弱性差异明显,依据脆弱性程度可分为4个等级,其中普陀区、定海区、东山县、玉环县为低脆弱度,嵊泗县、长岛县、长海县为弱脆弱度,平潭县、岱山县、洞头区为中脆弱度,崇明区、南澳县为强脆弱度;各海岛县脆弱性指数在空间分布上呈现出“区域化”和“集群化”特征。本研究为海岛经济体可持续发展和海岛地区合理开发提供科学依据。

关键词: 海岛经济体, 脆弱性综合评价, 空间分异, 海岛县

Abstract:

The island is a strategic bridgehead to develop and utilize marine resources and an important part of the human sea coupling system. With development of islands,ecological environmental problems gradually appear. Islands are facing unprecedented double pressure and challenges from the ecological environment and social development. Island economic vulnerability refers to an unsustainable state when the development of human-earth system in the island economy resists disturbances from various internal or external natural factors. Here we conducted island economic vulnerability assessments using a comprehensive index assessment method based on 38 parameters across five aspects(natural basis,resources,eco- environmental systems,economics and social development). In addition,standard values of measurements were established and used to evaluate overall island economic vulnerability and spatial differentiation. We found obvious differences in vulnerability across the 12 island counties and can be divided into four grades:Putuo District,Dinghai District,Yuhuan County and Dongshan County have low vulnerability;Shengsi County,Changdao County and Changhai County have weak vulnerability;Daishan County Pingtan County and Dongtou County have moderate vulnerability;and Chongming County and Nanao County have high vulnerability. Island economic vulnerability shows remarkable spatial differentiation regarding regionalization and clustered distribution. This study provides a scientific basis for the sustainable development of island economies and their reasonable development.

Key words: island economies, vulnerability assessment, spatial differentiation, island county