资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1535-1544.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.08.10

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旅游地乡村聚落产业集聚的时空演化及其驱动机制研究——野三坡旅游地苟各庄村案例实证

高苹1,2(), 席建超1()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-15 修回日期:2017-03-20 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:高苹,女,山东潍坊人,硕士生,主要从事旅游产业、社会空间重构、旅游目的地网络等方面研究。E-mail:gaop.15s@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41671151)

Tourism industry agglomeration and mechanisms for rural settlements of Gouge Village in Yesanpo,Hebei Province

Ping GAO1,2(), Jianchao XI1()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. College of Resources and Environment,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2017-02-15 Revised:2017-03-20 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20

摘要:

旅游产业集聚是影响乡村转型发展的重要途径。本文采取参与性农村评估PRA、GIS 空间分析以及遥感影像相结合的方法,从土地利用视角,研究了苟各庄村旅游产业集聚的时空演化特征与驱动机制。研究发现:①乡村聚落旅游产业集聚本质上是各种旅游业态类型不断丰富和集聚的过程,以住宿接待为主的核心业态的规模扩展和档次提升为主导,伴随着与之相配套的延伸业态和外围业态等相关旅游产业链条的不断植入和集聚;②各类旅游业态集中分布在靠近景区与村庄入口的前半部分,并对交通区位和景观区位具有明显的选择偏好,其中核心业态和延伸业态主要偏向于交通区位和景观区位选择,外围业态则重点对于交通区位选择比较敏感;③旅游产业集聚是自然地理条件、利益相关者、规模经济效应共同作用的结果。由于旅游消费是一种空间消费,基于土地利用变化的业态集聚演化为旅游乡村聚落产业集聚研究提供了一个新的地理学视角。

关键词: 产业集聚, 旅游业态, 乡村聚落, 时空演化, 驱动机制, 苟各庄村, 野山坡

Abstract:

The spatial agglomeration of tourism industry status is seen as an important dynamic factor for tourism urbanization,and is a significant way to influence transformation and development of rural areas. Research has focused on tourism industry agglomeration at large and medium scales,and data is lacking for tourism industry status and its measurement at rural scales. Based on participatory rural assessment,GIS spatial analyses and remote sensing,from the perspectives of land use we analyzed the evolution and mechanisms of tourism industry agglomeration at Gouge village within the Yesanpo tourism area of Hebei,China. We found that tourism industry evolution is a process in itself whereby industry status continues to increase and cluster. Based on scale expansion and grade promotion of the core lodging industry status,this process is along with extended industry status and peripheral industry status implants and gathers continuously. All kinds of industry status agglomeration prefer location choices strictly,core industry status and extended industry status have strong inclinations to landscape and transportation location choice and gather along the Juma River and main road close to the village entrance. Peripheral industry status is more sensitive to transportation location and it gathers along main roads close to the village rear. Tourism industry agglomeration is the result of interactions between natural geography and stakeholders (tourists,tourism farmers,foreign investors and government)and scale economic effects. Because tourism consumption is space consumption,changes in tourism land use provide a new perspective for the study of tourism industry agglomeration characteristics. A comparative study of the characteristics of tourism industry agglomeration across different kinds of rural settlements should be the focus of future work.

Key words: industry agglomeration, tourism industry status, time and space evolution, drive mechanism, Gouge Village, Yesanpo