资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1469-1476.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.08.04

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发展家庭农场对农户流转土地意愿的影响——来自江西省新余市的经验证据

邹秀清1(), 郭敏2(), 周凡1, 王彦1, 刘杨倩宇1, 邹孙忠3   

  1. 1. 江西财经大学旅游与城市管理学院,南昌 330032
    2. 江西财经大学鄱阳湖生态经济研究院,南昌 330032
    3. 江西省国土资源勘测规划院,南昌 330000
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-26 修回日期:2017-05-09 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:邹秀清,男,江西庐山人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为土地经济与制度。E-mail:zxqing888@263.net

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目(13AGL007);江西省自然科学基金项目(20171BAA208016);江西省教育厅科技项目(GJJ160451)

The influence of development of family farms on the land transfer willingness of rural people inhabiting Xinyu in Jiangxi Province

Xiuqing ZOU1, Min GUO2(), Fan ZHOU1, Yan WANG1, Yangqianyu LIU1, Sunzhong ZOU3()   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Urban Management,Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics,Nanchang 330032,China
    2. Institute of Poyang Lake Eco-economics,Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics,Nanchang 330032,China
    3. Institute of Land and Resources Survey and Planning in Jiangxi Province,Nanchang 330000,China
  • Received:2016-08-26 Revised:2017-05-09 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20

摘要:

作为一种新型的农业经营方式,家庭农场对推进现代农业发展、促进农地资源高效配置具有较强的现实意义。基于江西省新余市265份样本农户调查数据,采用规范分析与实证分析相结合的研究方法,通过构建二元Logistic 回归模型,研究发展家庭农场对农户流转土地意愿的影响。研究结果表明:①发展家庭农场对农户的土地转出和转入意愿均有显著影响;②村中如果有家庭农场,家庭农场个数越多,越能促进普通农户转出土地的意愿,而对土地转入的意愿具有负向作用;③如果政府给予家庭农场专项经济补贴,将对普通农户的土地转入意愿产生正向影响,而对土地转出意愿具有负向作用。最后,提出了促进家庭农场发展和引导农地有序流转的相关政策建议。

关键词: 家庭农场, 农地转入意愿, 农地转出意愿, Logistic模型, 江西省新余市

Abstract:

As a new type of agricultural management,family farms have strong practical significance in promoting modern agricultural development and rural land resource distribution. Scale merit is a distinctive feature of family farms,which is an important prerequisite for the development of family farms into moderate pieces of land available for a stable period of time. Under the current legal and policy framework,land transfer is an important way for family farms to concentrate required land. Based on surveys of 265 randomly sampled households in Xinyu city,Jiangxi,we used normative and empirical methods and binary logistic regression modeling to study the impact of developing family farms on the land transfer willingness of farmers. We found that family farm development influences farmers' willingness for inward and outward land transfer. The more family farms in a village,the more that farmers in the village are willing to transfer out land,but less willing to transfer in land. Local government economic subsidies for family farms increase the willingness for transferring land in and decrease willingness for transferring land out. Sex,non-agricultural income as a proportion of total household income, pieces of land,and average yield of agricultural land affect willingness to transfer out agricultural land. Age, non-agricultural income as a proportion of total household income,level of education and the average yield of agricultural land affect willingness for transferring in land. We conclude that the development of family farms promotes resident land transfer willingness and we discuss policies and suggestions for the development of family farms and agricultural land transfer.

Key words: family farms, the willingness of transferring in agricultural land, the willingness of transferring out agricultural land, Logistic Model, Xinyu in Jiangxi Province