资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1457-1468.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.08.03

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农业劳动力年龄对土地流转的影响研究——来自CHIP2013的数据

王亚辉1,2(), 李秀彬1(), 辛良杰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-01 修回日期:2017-05-11 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王亚辉,男,安徽亳州人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地利用变化与农业经济。E-mail:wangyhui.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目 (41571095);国家自然科学基金项目(41271119)

The impact of agricultural labor force age on land transfer according to CHIP2013

Yahui WANG1,2(), Xiubin LI1(), Liangjie XIN1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Revised:2017-05-11 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20

摘要:

土地流转是实现农业适度规模经营和农民增收的必经之路,而农业劳动力年龄偏高可能是抑制土地流转的重要因素。基于2013年中国家庭收入调查数据(CHIP2013),本文采用Logit模型考察了劳动力年龄与土地流转的关系。研究发现:当前中国土地流转比率约为30%,且租入率与租出率在不同区域存在显著差异。老年劳动力比重较高的家庭土地流转概率显著偏低,劳动力老龄化抑制土地流转;青年和中年劳动力比重较高的家庭土地流转概率显著增大,前者倾向于租出农地,而后者倾向于租入农地。进一步的研究表明,各年龄段劳动力的比较优势是决定农地如何流转的根源。政策含义是,建立健全农村养老保障体系,降低老龄人口对农地的依赖程度;为非农就业人员提供职业培训,增强农地流转意愿;为农地租入家庭提供资金与技术支持,增强农地租入意愿,发展适度规模经营。

关键词: 劳动力年龄, 土地流转, 适度规模经营, CHIP2013, Logit模型

Abstract:

Land circulation is an important to realizing agriculture moderate scale management and increasing farmer income in China. However,the aging of the agricultural labor force,which has traditionally inhibited land circulation,is intensifying in rural areas. Here,Logit models were established using data from 8051 farm households under the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP2013)conducted by the China Institute for Income Distribution in 2013 to reveal the relationship between the age and farmland transfer. We found that the land transfer rate was about 30% in 2013,and family decisions on whether to participate in land transfer could be rationalized. We found that families with a higher proportion of elderly laborers were not willing to participate in land transfer,and ageing laborers may inhibit the land circulation. On the other hand,families with a higher proportion of young and middle-aged laborers were willing to participate in land transfer;the former tended to rent out farmland and the latter tended to rent in farmland. In addition,we found that the comparative advantages of household laborers based on labor age were the root that determined whether how the household participated in land transfer. Policy implications are that the old-age security system of rural supporting should be established and perfected in order to reduce aging population’s dependence on farmland. Professional training for non-agricultural employment should be provided to enhance farmland transfer intention. Financial and technical support should be provided to develop moderate scale management for farm households that rent in land.

Key words: labor age, land transfer, moderate scale management, CHIP2013, Logit Model