资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1406-1416.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.07.17

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云南省双江县四个主要民族野生食用植物资源调查研究

马楠1,2(), 闵庆文1(), 袁正1, 李文华1, 杨庆春3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
    3. 云南省临沧市双江自治县农产品质量安全检验检测站,临沧677399
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-07 修回日期:2017-02-22 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马楠,女,宁夏吴忠市人(回族),博士生,主要从事生物资源、资源生态学、农业文化遗产等方面的研究工作。E-mail:man.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    农业部2016年农业行业基本业务管理(休闲农业)项目(Y6M60320AL)

The wild edible plants of four main ethnic groups in the Lahu-Va-Blang-Dai Autonomous County of Shuangjiang in Yunnan Province

Nan MA1,2(), Qingwen MIN1(), Zheng YUAN1, Wenhua LI1, Qingchun YANG3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. Shuangjiang Examine and Inspection Station for Agricultural Products Safety and Quality,Lincang 677399,China
  • Received:2016-12-07 Revised:2017-02-22 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20

摘要:

本文运用民族植物学“5W+1H”提问法和关键人物访谈法,对云南省双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县这一中国重要农业文化遗产地的四个主要民族的野生食用植物及其传统知识进行调查研究。结果表明:①四个主要民族的野生食用植物隶属于48科63属68种,其中代粮植物5种、野生蔬菜51种、野生水果15种、药食两用植物7种、调味植物6种、酿造植物1种;②四个主要民族饮食文化中对于野生植物的利用习惯相互影响但又各自传承发展;③不同野生食用植物的食用人数有所差别,12种植物食用人数较少,野生食用植物传统知识的传承面临较大危机,应对其进行研究和保护;④四个主要民族野生食用植物的野生生长规模逐渐缩小,应在其利用过程中有意识的进行留种和种质资源保护。

关键词: 野生食用植物, 传统知识, 民族植物学, 农业文化遗产地, 双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县, 云南省

Abstract:

Lahu-Va-Blang-Dai Autonomous County in Shuangjiang has became an agricultural heritage site within the Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems(NIAHS)in 2015. Shuangjiang has rich wild edible plants and relevant traditional knowledge. Here we used the ethnobotanical 5W+1H method and key interviews to investigate the traditional knowledge of wild edible plants of the four main ethnic groups in Shuangjiang. Through the survey,68 species of wild edible plants belonging to 63 different families and 63 genera were recorded. Of these plants,five species are used as grain,51 as vegetables,15 as fruits,seven as medicinal food,six as condiments,and one species is used for brewing vinegar. The habits of using wild plants in the food culture of the four main ethnic groups affect each other,although each group maintains and develops their own particular food culture. The number of people who eat different wild edible plants have differences;12 plants have less consumption. The traditional knowledge of wild edible plants is facing a crisis,so the local government should organize relevant personnel to investigate,record,study and protect this traditional knowledge. Due to the number of certain wild food plants decreasing,the local government and Headmen(with a certain influence in their ethnic group)should encourage local residents to protect wild food plants. The government should organize relevant personnel to carry out thorough investigations of the distribution of wild edible plant resources and to do germplasm resource protection for some wild food plants of lower quantity.

Key words: wild edible plants, traditional knowledge, ethnobotany, agricultural heritage sites, Lahu-Va-Blang-Dai Autonomous County of Shuangjiang, Yunnan Province