资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1371-1382.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.07.14

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社会资本对林农参与碳汇经营意愿的影响分析——基于福建省欠发达山区的调查

韩雅清1(), 杜焱强2, 苏时鹏3, 魏远竹1,4()   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学经济学院,福州 350002
    2. 复旦大学环境科学与工程系,上海 200433
    3. 福建农林大学公共管理学院,福州 350002
    4. 宁德师范学院,宁德 352100
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-10 修回日期:2017-05-05 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩雅清,女,福建漳州人,博士生,从事林业经济、森林资源管理研究。E-mail:hanyaqing306@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71273051);国家林业公益项目(201304205);福建省林业科技研究项目 (闽林科[2011]3号)

Social capital and farmer willingness for forest carbon sequestration management in underdeveloped regions of Fujian

Yaqing HAN1(), Yanqiang DU2, Shipeng SU3, Yuanzhu WEI1,4()   

  1. 1. Economic College of Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University,Fuzhou 350002,China
    2. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China
    3. College of Public Management of Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University,Fuzhou 350002,China
    4.Ningde Normal University,Ningde 352100,China
  • Received:2016-12-10 Revised:2017-05-05 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20

摘要:

森林碳汇是减缓全球气候变暖的有效途径之一,林农参与碳汇经营已成为学界关注的焦点。新一轮林改后小规模林农成为森林碳汇的主要供给主体,探讨农户碳汇经营意愿对于激励碳汇经营主体政策瞄准度具有重要的现实意义。本文基于Putnam的社会资本理论,利用福建省欠发达山区344户林农的微观数据,运用Logistic模型实证分析了社会资本对林农参与碳汇经营意愿的影响。研究表明:①林农参与碳汇经营意愿不高,仅36.63%的受访农户表示愿意参与;②社会资本对林农参与碳汇经营意愿具有显著的促进作用,其核心变量对碳汇经营意愿的贡献大小排序依次是关系网络>人际信任>制度信任>社会规范;③人力资本中受教育程度、物力资本中家庭纯收入、林地总面积、林地地块数也在不同程度上影响家庭林业碳汇经营意愿。社会资本被称为“穷人的资本”,尤其在欠发达山区,政府可结合林区乡土情景从其核心维度采取措施,调动林农参与碳汇经营意愿,同时考虑碳汇补偿制度中林农利益需求等。

关键词: 社会资本, 林业碳汇, 经营意愿, 欠发达山区, 福建

Abstract:

Forest carbon sequestration (FCS)is an effective way to reduce climate change. Rural household participation in FCS is a focus in China. After southern collective forest tenure reform,small-scale rural households are the main subjects for FCS supply,so discussing their willingness to participate in FCS has great practical significance for policy for carbon forest management. This paper is based on Putnam's theory of social capital and used survey data of underdeveloped areas in Fujian to analyze how social capital influenced rural household willingness for FCS according to logistic modeling. We found that the level of household willingness for carbon forest management was low at 36.63%. Social capital can significantly promote willingness for carbon forest manage-ment,and various dimensions of social capital contributed to driving household willingness to participate in carbon forest management at different levels:social network> interpersonal trust> institutional trust> social regulation. Human capital and physical capital variables also influenced rural household willingness for carbon forest management. Social capital is called ‘the capital of the poor',especially in undeveloped areas. The government should combine institutional arrangements with the practical situation in underdeveloped areas to raise the level of social capital and stimulate forest carbon sequestration management participation. At the same time,the government should consider the interests of households in forest carbon sink compensation systems.

Key words: social capital, forest carbon sequestration, rural households' willingness, under-developed region, Fujian Province