资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1303-1313.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.07.08

• • 上一篇    下一篇

游憩者场所依恋与恢复性知觉关系研究——以福州城市公园为例

刘群阅(), 尤达, 朱里莹, 王亚蕾, 黄启堂, 兰思仁()   

  1. 福建农林大学园林学院,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-14 修回日期:2017-05-14 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘群阅,男,福建莆田人,博士生,研究方向为风景园林规划与设计。E-mail:fafulqy@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAD15B00);国家林业局森林公园工程技术研究中心开放课题(PTJH1500216);福建省教育厅科技项目(JA15168)

The relationship between place attachment and restorative perception of tourists visiting Fuzhou urban parks

Qunyue LIU(), Da YOU, Liying ZHU, Yalei WANG, Qitang HUANG, Siren LAN()   

  1. College of Landscape Architecture,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou,Fujian 350002,China
  • Received:2017-03-14 Revised:2017-05-14 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20

摘要:

场所依恋能够有效影响城市公园游憩者的态度、行为意向以及对环境的感知。根据已有的研究结果,从环境心理学和游憩者感知的角度,以福州8个城市公园为例,测量了8个公园游憩者的场所依恋和环境恢复性知觉,通过构建结构方程模型探讨了游憩者场所依恋与环境恢复性知觉的关系。结果表明:①城市公园游憩者的场所依恋由场所依赖和场所认同两个维度构成;②场所依赖对场所认同有显著正向影响(影响系数为0.89);③场所依赖对环境恢复性知觉的直接影响不显著,场所认同对环境恢复性知觉有显著正向影响(影响系数为0.90),场所依赖主要通过场所认同的中介作用对环境恢复性知觉产生间接影响。因而,城市公园的管理规划者应注重城市公园的服务功能,加强管理,不断地提高服务水平以提高游憩者的场所依赖,同时,也要注意地域性景观营造和文化历史传承以提高游憩者的场所认同,最终提高城市公园的恢复性效益。

关键词: 场所依恋, 场所依赖, 场所认同, 恢复性知觉, 城市公园, 福州

Abstract:

Place attachment can affect attitudes,behavior and restorative perception. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between place attachment and restorative perception. Based on previous research,we measured tourists' place attachment and restorative perception for eight urban parks and conducted an association study between place attachment and restoration perception by building a structural equation model using environmental psychology and cognition of tourists. We found that tourists' place attachment is composed of two dimensions:place dependence and place identity. Place dependence has a positive influence on place identity. The direct effect of place dependence on restoration perception is not significant,however,place identify has a positive influence on restoration perception and place dependence can affect tourists' restorative perception via the role of place identify as a mediator. These data are a reference for managers and designers of urban parks. In conclusion,place attachment should be considered an important factor in the design of urban parks. The managers and designers of urban parks should attach much importance to improving the service and satisfying tourists' needs to strengthen place dependence. The local characteristics and local history are also important in urban park planning and design for they strengthen the sense of tourists' place identify. Urban parks can be more attractive to city residents and play an important role in human health and well-being.

Key words: place attachment, place dependence, place identify, restorative perception, urban parks, Fuzhou City