资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1194-1201.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.18

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基于农户发展受限视角的江夏区基本农田生态补偿标准测算

杨欣1(), 张晶晶2, 高欣1, 蔡银莺1, 张安录1()   

  1. 1. 华中农业大学土地管理学院,武汉 430070
    2. 澳大利亚悉尼大学经济系,悉尼 2006
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-13 修回日期:2017-02-05 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨欣,女,河南邓州人,博士,讲师,研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail:yangxin@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71403045);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金 (16YJC790121);中国博士后科学基金(2016M610110)

Estimation of prime farmland ecological compensation criteria based on the development restrictive loss of farmers in Jiangxia District of Wuhan City

Xin YANG1(), Jingjing ZHANG2, Xin GAO1, Yinying CAI1, Anlu ZHANG1()   

  1. 1. College of Land Management,Huazhong Agriculture University,Wuhan 430070,China
    2. School of Economics,The University of Sydney,Sydney 2006,Australia
  • Received:2016-09-13 Revised:2017-02-05 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

摘要:

农田承担了重要的经济、社会和生态功能,为了粮食安全和社会稳定,国家对基本农田采取了严厉的管制制度,造成了管制区内外在发展机会和经济、社会福利方面的一系列不均衡,引发农田生态环境恶化,影响环境公正和社会公平。本文从《基本农田保护条例》对农户从事生产限制的“九不准”出发,以武汉市江夏区为例,根据问卷调研结果,运用期望函数计算基于农户发展受限视角的基本农田生态补偿标准。研究结果显示:①江夏区有64.48%的受访农民对于基本农田保护条例的认知程度还处在较为浅层的阶段,近半数农户对限制其从事农业生产限制的“九不准”条例的具体内容认知程度较低;②运用期望函数计算得到受访农户的年均基本农田发展受限损失额度为9116.47元/hm2,受限损失额度与农户是否兼业和农户家庭纯收入水平之间呈显著性相关关系;③受访农户的基本农田发展受限损失为基础,确立江夏区基本农田生态补偿标准为9116.47元/hm2

关键词: 基本农田发展受限, 受限损失, 生态补偿标准, 武汉市江夏区

Abstract:

In China,farmland performs fundamental economic,social and ecological functions. Farmland restriction laws and regulations have been applied in China to guarantee national food security and social stability. This shift caused serious economic and social welfare “wipeout” and “windfalls” to relevant stakeholders in farmland protection,leading to the degradation of farmland ecological systems,and threatening social fairness and environmental justice. Ever since improving the ecological civilization level was put forward by the 12th Five Year Plan on National Economical and Social Development,developed cities such as Chengdu in Sichuan province,Foshan in Guangdong province,Suzhou in Jiangsu province and Minhang in Shanghai,began to explore their own ways of implementing farmland compensation policy. How to construct a farmland ecological compensation system that can meet the practical needs of social development is of urgent need in China. Based on the nine restriction rules in the Regulations of Prime Farmland Protection and face-to-face questionnaire surveys,the expected utility function and factor revision methods were employed to estimate prime farmland ecological compensation criteria by taking Jiangxia (one distract in Wuhan)as an example. We found that the residents’ cognition degree for rules of the Regulations of Prime Farmland Protection require improvement. Despite the fact that farmland protection policies have been well advertised in China over the past 20 years,more than 64.48% of farmers have not awared the nine restrictions clearly;nearly half of the farmers are unfamiliar with specific restrictions. Farmers’ restrictive loss from obeying the prime farmland protection policies is 9116.47 CNY/hm2 by applying the expected utility function. Whether farmers have combined occupations and agricultural income level significantly impact on their restrictive loss amount. Farmland ecological compensation in Jiangxia is settled based on farmers’ prime farmland development restrictive loss,which is 9116.47 CNY/hm2.

Key words: prime farmland development restriction, restrictive loss, farmland ecological compensation criteria, Jiangxia District of Wuhan City