资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1160-1170.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.15

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基于费用区间法的辽宁省滨海湿地休闲旅游价值评估

孙宝娣1,2(), 崔丽娟1,2(), 李伟1,2, 康晓明1,2, 张曼胤1,2, 潘旭1,2, 平云梅1,2   

  1. 1. 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所,北京100091
    2. 湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室,北京100091
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-23 修回日期:2017-02-05 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙宝娣,女,江苏盐城人,博士生,研究方向为湿地价值评估。E-mail:sunbaodi0927@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    林业公益性行业科研专项(201404305)

Evaluation on leisure tourism in coastal wetlands in Liaoning Province based on travel cost interval analysis

Baodi SUN1,2(), Lijuan CUI1,2(), Wei LI1,2, Xiaoming KANG1,2, Manyin ZHANG1,2, Xu PAN1,2, Yunmei PING1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Wetland Research,Chinese Academy of Forestry,Beijing 100091,China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Wetland Services and Restoration,Beijing 100091,China
  • Received:2016-11-23 Revised:2017-02-05 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

摘要:

湿地的休闲旅游服务功能不仅能为游客提供环境教育、视觉享受的场所,而且旅游的收入能为湿地资源保护和区域的可持续发展提供资金,因此对滨海湿地的休闲旅游价值进行科学地评估和量化具有较高的实践意义和应用价值。为了获得辽宁省2014年滨海湿地休闲旅游服务功能的总价值,本文以辽宁省6个典型滨海湿地:盘锦红海滩湿地、锦州凌河口湿地、大连斑海豹湿地、丹东鸭绿江口湿地、葫芦岛龙湾滨海湿地和营口西炮台湿地为代表,采用旅行费用区间法(Travel Cost Interval Analysis,简称TCIA)核算旅行费用(包括旅行费用支出和旅行时间成本)和消费者剩余两方面的价值,计算出每个典型滨海湿地单位面积的休闲旅游价值,再根据辽宁省沿海6市的滨海湿地总面积,最终对辽宁省滨海湿地休闲旅游总价值进行评估。结果表明:2014年辽宁省滨海湿地休闲旅游总价值为201.84亿元。其中,大连的滨海湿地休闲旅游价值最高,为85.70亿元,占全省滨海湿地旅游价值的42.46%;盘锦、葫芦岛、营口、丹东的值依次减小,分别为29.03亿元、27.49亿元、25.48亿元、20.94亿元;锦州的滨海湿地休闲旅游价值为最低,为13.20亿元,仅占全省滨海湿地休闲旅游价值的6.54%。评估结果可作为辽宁省滨海湿地旅游区的资源开发、环境保护和决策管理的重要依据。

关键词: 费用区间法, 滨海湿地, 休闲旅游价值, 辽宁省

Abstract:

Wetland leisure tourism refers to a series of recreational behaviors among residents,tourists and wetland landscape resources resulting in obvious economic,social and ecological benefits. Coastal wetlands have relatively unique functions in bird watching,ornamental plants,natural estuary geomorphology and environmental education,so leisure tourism is an important function of coastal wetlands. The Travel Costs Interval Analysis (TCIA)is a popular value evaluation method widely applied in the tourist destination (resources)of leisure tourism value evaluation. Here,we look at six typical coastal wetlands (Honghaitan Wetland in Panjin,Linghekou Wetland in Jinzhou,Banhaibao Wetland in Dalian,Yalvjiang estuary Wetland in Dandong,Longwan Wetland in Huludao,Xipaotai Wetland in Yingkou)and used TCIA to evaluate the unit area value of leisure tourism of every coastal wetland (travel cost,travel time cost and consumer surplus). We multiplied each city's coastal wetland area to calculate the total leisure tourism value of coastal wetlands in Liaoning. We found that the value of leisure tourism of coastal wetlands in Liaoning was 20.184 billion CNY,among which,the value leisure tourism of coastal wetlands in the city of Dalian was 8.570 billion CNY,accounting for 42.46% of the total tourism value of all coastal wetlands. Dalian was followed by Panjin (2.903 billion CNY),Huludao (2.749 billion CNY),Yingkou (2.548 billion CNY)and Dandong (2.094 billion CNY). The value in Jinzhou was the lowest,accounting for only 6.54% (1.320 billion CNY)of total tourism value. These results can be used as an important basis for decisions on coastal wetland tourism resource development and environmental protection in Liaoning Province.

Key words: travel cost interval analysis, coastal wetlands, leisure tourism value, Liaoning Province