资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1037-1047.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.05

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中国能源地缘政治研究进展

方叶兵1,2,3(), 王礼茂1(), 屈秋实1,2, 杨艳4, 牟初夫1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖 241003
    4.中国工程院战略咨询中心,北京 100088
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-20 修回日期:2017-04-19 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:方叶兵,男,安徽芜湖人,讲师,主要研究领域为能源资源经济和地缘政治。E-mail:fyb11@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(13YJCZH037)

A review of research on energy geopolitics in China

Yebing FANG1,2,3(), Limao WANG1(), Qiushi QU1,2, Yan YANG4, Chufu MOU1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences ,Beijing 100101,China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China
    4. Strategy Consulting Center,Chinese Academy of Engineering,Beijing 100088,China
  • Received:2016-10-20 Revised:2017-04-19 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

摘要:

在世界能源和地缘政治格局深度变革和“一带一路”建设的背景下,能源地缘政治研究日趋受到学界关注。为讨论能源地缘政治的研究现状和趋势,本文对中国知网(CNKI)1998-2015年的相关文献进行梳理和总结,归纳了三个研究阶段及其特征,并从格局-机理-效应对能源地缘政治的主要研究领域进行总结。结果表明,国内在能源地缘政治的格局演化、驱动机制、主体客体、能源安全及其地缘战略、竞争与合作等方面取得了富有成效的研究成果,但在理论框架上不够成熟,逻辑体系上不够完整,在地缘要素、能源和地缘政治的相互作用机制的定量分析较为薄弱,在地缘要素、能源综合性、经济、能源安全和尺度等研究视野略显偏窄。鉴于此,本文对能源地缘政治研究框架提出了一点思考,未来研究应在能源地缘政治的基础理论和方法论体系上更加重视,在大数据、模型化和可视化表达等方面得到完善和加强。网络化、地缘环境、新能源、石油结算货币将成为研究新趋向,多种能源的综合性分析应得到加强。“一带一路”倡议下的能源地缘政治在中微观尺度研究应受到重视,全球能源治理将成为政策研究的重要落脚点之一。

关键词: 能源地缘政治, 研究框架, 研究进展, 中国

Abstract:

In the context of changing world energy,geopolitics and construction of Belt and Road Initiatives (B&R),energy geopolitics has been of increasingly interest academically. In order to explore the current situation and development of energy geopolitics,we discuss research progress for China’s energy geopolitics based on analysis of literature published in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)since 1998. There are three stages of China energy geopolitics research and we analyzed major research content according to pattern,mechanism and effect. We found that China has made progress in several aspects of the evolution of pattern,driving mechanism,subject and object,energy security and geo-strategy,competition and cooperation of energy. However,there is still insufficient work on theory,research logic systems,research perspective,and quantitative analysis of the interactions between energy,geographical factors and geopolitics. Such research perspectives are also limited by geopolitical factors,comprehensive research,energy economy,energy security and the scale of research. In view of this,we propose a research framework for energy geopolitics. After reviewing research progress of energy geopolitics at home,according to the deficiency in numerous studies,we suggest that five research directions should be further developed:pay more attention to basic theory and methods of energy geopolitics;build big data of China energy geopolitics and enhance the expression of modeling and visualization;focus on hotspots as networks,geopolitical environments,new energy,oil currency and comprehensive analysis of various energy sources;emphasize medium-micro spatial scales of energy geopolitical research under the background of the B&R;and highlight global energy governance with participation from China.

Key words: energy geopolitics, research framework, review, China