资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 991-998.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.01

所属专题: 雄安新区

• •    下一篇

雄安新区土地利用空间特征及起步区方案比选研究

姜鲁光1,2(), 吕佩忆1,2, 封志明1,2(), 刘晔1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-31 修回日期:2017-06-05 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:姜鲁光,男,山东临沂人,博士,副研究员,主要从事土地利用变化与自然资源资产评估研究。E-mail:jianglg@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41430861);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0503501);中国科学院青年创新促进会资助(2014040)

Land use patterns of the Xiongan New Area and comparison among potential choices of start zone

Luguang JIANG1,2(), Peiyi LV1,2, Zhiming FENG1,2(), Ye LIU1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. College of Resources and Environment,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2017-05-31 Revised:2017-06-05 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

摘要:

雄安新区是千年大计、国家大事。深入分析雄安新区土地利用的现状空间特征,对于推进新区高起点高标准规划建设具有重要意义。本文基于多时相Landsat-TM/ETM+/OLI遥感数据解译,分析了雄安新区土地利用的总体特征,并重点研究了建设用地节约集约利用的潜力和耕地质量的区域差异。提出了雄安新区起步区的三个可能备选方案,并分析了其各自利弊。研究表明,雄安新区土地呈“六田、二建、一水、半分林”特征;现状建设用地尤其是农村建设用地的节约、集约利用潜力较大;耕地质量及其利用强度的空间差异显著,容城、安新耕地质量好,复种指数高,分别达1.92和1.87,雄县耕地质量较差,复种指数明显偏低,仅为1.32。综合考虑起步区的相对完整性、未来发展的可拓展性、与周边县市的兼顾性和防洪安全性,统筹权衡优质耕地保护和建设用地征收拆迁成本等因素,本文建议以位于容城东部与安新、雄县交接处的“中方案”作为起步区的优先方案。针对新区建设需要大量占用土地的现实需求,本文建议优先通过农村(含乡镇)集体建设用地的征收与节约集约利用解决;新区建设不可避免会占用耕地,建议优先安排占用等级较低的耕地,尽量保护优质高产耕地;建议合理确定土地征收与征用时序,分类施策,优化土地资源管控。同时指出,雄安新区大部分地势相对较低,新区规划、选址和建设需要高度关注防洪排水问题。

关键词: 雄安新区, 土地利用, 起步区, 方案比选, 规划建议

Abstract:

China announced plans on 1 April 2017 to create the Xiongan New Area,a new economic zone about 110km southwest of Beijing. The new area covers the counties of Xiongxian,Rongcheng and Anxin in Hebei province,and is home to Baiyangdian,a major wetland in northern China. This is a new area of national significance. It will cover around 100km2 initially (termed as the start zone)and will be expanded to 200km2 in the mid-term and 2000km2 in the long term. It is important to reveal and analyze the land use pattern for planning and development. Based on remote sensing interpretation from Landsat OLI images,current land use features,potential of built-up land saving and intensive use,and spatial variation of arable land quality were analyzed. Three potential choices for the start zone are listed and compared. The results indicate that the proportion of arable land,built-up land and wetland are around 60%,20% and 10% respectively. The potential for rural built-up land savings and intensive use is large. The arable land quality and use intensity in Rongcheng and Anxin counties are much better than that of Xiongxian. Among three potential choices, the medium plot is the best suitable start zone. Policy recommendations on built-up land expansion,farmland saving and flood risk mitigation for the Xiongan New Area are discussed.

Key words: Xiongan New Area, land use, start zone, choice comparison, policy recommendation