资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 911-923.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.05.11

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环境规制、政府补贴对企业技术创新的耦合影响

袁丽静(), 郑晓凡   

  1. 东北财经大学经济与社会发展研究院,大连 116025
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-28 修回日期:2017-02-15 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:袁丽静,女,辽宁沈阳市人,博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为产业经济学、技术创新等。E-mail:christina7971@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    辽宁省社会科学规划基金项目(L16AJY004);辽宁省教育厅基地项目(ZJ2015018)

Coupling induction of environmental regulation and government subsidy on enterprise technological innovation

Lijing YUAN(), Xiaofan ZHENG   

  1. Institute of Economic and Social Development,Dongbei University of Finance and Economics,Dalian 116025,China
  • Received:2016-11-28 Revised:2017-02-15 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20

摘要:

尽管世界各国都在致力于环境保护和经济增长的双赢发展,但是规制目标和规制效果之间的差距表明对此的研究仍需更进一步。以往文献多集中在环境规制和企业技术创新的单层关系剖析上,对政府干预的多政策耦合影响关注不够。本文基于优势互补视角,分析政府补贴在环境规制和企业技术创新中的协调作用,构建环境规制、政府补贴对企业技术创新的综合影响模型。研究发现:政府补贴的加入并没有影响环境规制与企业技术创新的“U型”关系,适当使用政府补贴反而可以弱化环境规制对技术创新的负面影响,促进企业提前开展技术创新。通过1998-2008年30个省份面板数据的验证,得出中国环境规制强度的阶段性门槛和政府补贴适度区间,进而提出不同地区环境规制和政府补贴配合使用的调整方案,为其他相关研究和政府政策设计提供新的思路和可能的借鉴。

关键词: 环境规制, 政府补贴, 技术创新, 耦合影响

Abstract:

Although lots of countries are committed to win-win development of environmental protection and economy growth, the gap between regulatory results and objectives shows that the study about the field still needs to go further. More attention has been paid to the single-layer relationship between environmental regulation and enterprise technological innovation, while the coupling induction of multi-policy was ignored. Nowadays one of the trends in the analysis of policy impact mechanisms is multi-policy study, since business decisions are the result under multiple policies in practice, and the effectiveness of individual policies is closely related to other policies. This paper analyzes the coordinative role of government subsidy between environmental regulation and enterprise technological innovation based on complementary advantages, and constructs a comprehensive influence model of environmental regulation and government subsidy to enterprise technological innovation. The study finds that the government subsidy does not affect the U-shaped relationship between environmental regulation and enterprise technological innovation, but the appropriate government subsidy can weaken the negative impact of environmental regulation on technological innovation and promote enterprises to implement technological innovation earlier. Through the analysis of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in 30 provinces during 1998-2008, the paper puts forward the threshold of the intensity of China's environmental regulation and the moderation range of government subsidy, and then proposes the adjustment plan of environmental regulation and government subsidy in different provinces, which contributes to related research and policy development.

Key words: environmental regulation, government subsidy, technological innovation, coupling induction