资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 902-910.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.05.10

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协商式CVM在资源非使用价值评估中的应用研究——以内蒙古达赉湖自然保护区为例

王朋薇1,2(), 韩丽荣1, 周睿2, 梅荣1, 艾凤巍1, 钟林生2()   

  1. 1.呼伦贝尔学院,海拉尔 021008
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-02 修回日期:2017-01-13 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王朋薇,女,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,副教授,主要从事生态旅游和旅游可持续发展研究。E-mail:benpengwei@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301623);旅游业青年专家培养计划资助(TYETP201519);内蒙古自治区高等学校青年科技英才支持计划资助

Application of the deliberation contingent valuation method to the non-use value of resources in the Dalai Lake Protected Area

Pengwei WANG1,2(), Lirong HAN1, Rui ZHOU2, Rong MEI1, Fengwei AI1, Linsheng ZHONG2()   

  1. 1. Hulunbeier College,Hailaer 021008,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-12-02 Revised:2017-01-13 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20

摘要:

资源环境价值的货币评估有利于更精确地解释政策的环境成本和收益。但是条件价值法作为资源环境非使用价值评估的主要方法之一,在发展中国家应用中遇到了诸多挑战。本文以内蒙古达赉湖自然保护区为例,把协商干预尝试性的加入到条件价值法中,目的是:①检验协商干预是否能够引出更深层次的价值;②协商干预是否会使被调查者赋予资源环境不同的价值。结果表明:①被调查者对保护区资源初始支付意愿是68.55元,协商干预后被调查者的平均支付意愿为182.58元,支付意愿提高了62.5%;②以小组为基础的协商干预可促进被调查者取得更好的学习结果,包括:更加理解生态文化关系、更加明确深层次价值、更加清楚人类行为产生的影响等;③以小组为基础的协商干预可以克服在发展中国家资源环境价值评估中存在的很多实践困难。鉴于学习对于评估结果的影响,在发展中国家复杂公共物品的评估中应更多的加入协商干预,更有利于成功的挖掘环境资源深层次的价值,并且能够促使政策制定过程中更大程度地考虑人类生活对于自然环境资源的依赖。

关键词: 资源非使用价值, 条件价值法, 协商干预, 深层次价值, 达赉湖自然保护区

Abstract:

Monetary valuation of environments and resources contributes to quantifying their value,enables more accurate accounting of environmental costs and benefits of policies,promotes resource and environmental assets into the national economic accounting system,and accelerates the construction of ecological civilization. In developing countries,there are particular methodological and epistemological challenges that require novel valuation methodologies. The Contingent Valuation Method (CVM)is the main method to evaluate the non-use value of resources and environments,but there are many biases in CVM such as information bias,hypothetical bias and protest bias. We integrated deliberation interventions into CVM across the Dalai Lake Protected Area to determine if deliberative interventions could elicit deeper held values and influence preferences,and determine whether deliberative interventions enable participants to express different values. We found that the initial willingness to pay for the Dalai Lake Protected Area was 68.55 CNY;following deliberative intervention the willingness to pay increased by 62.5%. The group-based deliberative approach combined with participatory interventions,resulted in significant learning for participants. This included a more sophisticated view of ecological-cultural linkages,greater recognition of deeper held values,and greater awareness of the consequences of human actions for the environment. The use of a group-based participatory approach helped to overcome many of the practical difficulties associated with valuation in developing countries. Given the impact of learning on valuation outcomes,participation and deliberation should be integrated into valuation of any complex good in developing economies,which helps to assess deeper held values and ensure policies take into account the extent to which human life is dependent on resources and environments.

Key words: non-use value of resources, contingent valuation method, deliberative interventions, deeper values, Dalai Lake Protected Area