资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 881-892.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.05.08

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生态补偿、心理因素与居民生态保护意愿和行为研究——以秦巴生态功能区为例

张文彬1(), 李国平2   

  1. 1. 西安财经学院西部能源经济与区域发展协同创新研究中心,西安 710100
    2. 西安交通大学经济与金融学院,西安 710061
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-22 修回日期:2017-01-04 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张文彬,男,河北唐山人,博士,讲师,研究方向为资源环境经济学。E-mail:zhangwbxjtu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(12&ZD072);教育部人文社科青年基金项目(16YJCZH131)

Ecological compensation,psychological factors,willingness and behavior of ecological protection in the Qinba ecological function area

Wenbin ZHANG1(), Guoping LI2   

  1. 1. Western Energy Economy and Regional Development Research Center,Xi’an University of Finance and Economics,Xi’an 710100,China
    2. School of Economics and Finance,Xi’an Jiaotong University,Xi’an 710061,China
  • Received:2016-11-22 Revised:2017-01-04 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20

摘要:

采用扩展的计划行为理论和结构方程模型,以陕西省柞水和镇安两个国家重点生态功能区所在县的614份有效调研问卷为研究样本,研究了心理因素和生态补偿政策对当地居民生态保护意愿和行为的影响。结果表明,行为态度、主观规范和感知行为控制三个心理因素对当地居民生态保护意愿的直接影响系数为0.367、0.184和0.305;生态补偿政策对当地居民的生态保护意愿和生态保护行为的直接影响系数为0.182和0.142,通过生态保护意愿对生态保护行为的间接影响系数为0.079;生态保护意愿对生态保护行为的直接影响系数为0.432,同时也可以看到生态补偿政策对居民生态保护意愿和行为的激励效应还较小,有待进一步挖掘。文章建议从影响居民心理因素并发挥生态补偿政策作用方面增强当地居民生态保护行为。

关键词: 生态补偿, 生态保护, 秦巴生态功能区, 结构方程模型

Abstract:

This paper studied the effect of psychological factor and ecological compensation policy on local residents' ecological protection willingness and behavior using 614 questionnaires from two national key ecological function areas in Zhashui and Zhen'an. We put forward six hypotheses about the effects of ecological compensation policies and local residents' psychological factors,i.e behavior attitude,subjective norm and perceived behavioral control on the residents' willingness and behavior. We then tested the six hypotheses using the Structural Equation Model and found that three local resident psychological factors had a positive and significant effect on ecological protection willingness. The direct influence coefficients were 0.367,0.184,and 0.305 respectively,and had a indirect influence on ecological protection behavior through the ecological protection willingness,the coefficient is 0.159,0.079 and 0.132 respectively. The direct influence coefficient of the ecological compensation policy on the ecological protection willingness and behavior were 0.182 and 0.142 respectively,and indirectly influenced ecological protection behavior through ecological protection willingness,the indirect influence coefficient was 0.079. The direct influence coefficient of ecological protection willingness on ecological protection behavior was 0.432. At the same time,the results show that the impact coefficient of ecological compensation policy on ecological protection willingness and behavior is relatively small,the incentive effect of ecological compensation policy has not been fully utilized,and there is still room for further exploration. We suggest affecting local residents' psychological factors and exerting the direct and indirect effects of ecological compensation policy to enhance ecological compensation willingness and behavior.

Key words: ecological compensation, ecological protection, Qinba ecological function areas, Structural Equation Model