资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 827-835.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.05.03

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迁村并居的社区居民满意度研究——基于齐河县南北社区的调查分析

董德坤1,3(), 时妍1, 沈飞2(), 谷树忠4   

  1. 1. 青岛理工大学管理学院,青岛 266520
    2. 国土资源部土地整治中心,北京 100035
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4. 国务院发展研究中心资源与环境政策研究所,北京 100010
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-11 修回日期:2017-03-22 出版日期:2017-05-20 发布日期:2017-05-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:董德坤,男,山东平度人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为城乡土地利用与管理。E-mail:kunded@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41301186);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2014DM016);山东省高等学校人文社科计划项目(J14WG16)

Satisfaction regarding village relocation and combination in the South-North Community of Qihe County

Dekun DONG1,3(), Yan SHI1, Fei SHEN2(), Shuzhong GU4   

  1. 1. College of Management,Qingdao University of Technology,Qingdao 266520,China
    2. Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center,Ministry of Land and Resources,Beijing 100035,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    4. Institute of Resources and Environmental Policy,DRC,Beijing 100010,China
  • Received:2016-08-11 Revised:2017-03-22 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20

摘要:

居民满意度是衡量迁村并居项目是否成功的重要指标。本文运用实地调查与座谈、二元Logistic回归分析等手段与方法,深入分析了山东省齐河县南北社区居民对迁村并居的满意度及其主要影响因素。研究表明,新社区建设显著提高了农村基础设施和公共服务设施完善程度,改善了居民的生活居住环境。居民的总体满意度水平较高,平均分值达到了8.03;但社区规划功能不足、置换补偿标准不合理等降低了居民的满意程度。受访者文化程度、家庭长期从事非农工作人数、原有房屋价值、家庭农用地面积、合并后家庭生活成本变化、装修及家具购置支出、购买房屋支出、生活居住倾向等因素对居民满意度呈显著影响;总体来看,经济因素仍是影响居民满意度的重要因素。建议政府今后实施类似项目时,应从政策宣传、居民参与、规划设计、补偿方案、迁后发展等方面入手统筹规划,提升居民的参与度及满意度,规避项目实施风险。

关键词: 迁村并居, 居民满意度, Logistic模型, 齐河县

Abstract:

Village relocation and combination can intensify rural residential land use and is one of the important ways to build a new socialist countryside. However,land consolidation involves the vital interests of majority farmers,and residents' satisfaction is an important assessment indicator of the project. We hoped that by analyzing the factors influencing residents' satisfaction,we could determine project problems and put forward countermeasures to provide references for similar projects. We used economic social materials obtained from South-North Community surveys in Qihe County,Shandong,China to analyze satisfaction and influencing factors using a logistic model. We found that the completeness of rural infrastructure,public service facilities and new community construction have significantly improved residents' living environments and raised the average income level of the families. Because of this,the overall satisfaction of residents was higher,and the average score reached 8.03 (out of 10). Some factors reduced satisfaction,such as the deficiency of new community function,and compensation standards unreasonable. These factors,including residents' cultural level,non-agriculture employment populations,original housing value,amount of family farmland,cost of living,expenditure of decoration and furniture,expenditure of house purchase and living tendency had a significant impact on satisfaction. As the project implementation of the case area required farmers to pay a certain amount of capital,so,economic factors were important factors affecting satisfaction. In the future,when the government implements similar projects it should plan policy promotion,resident participation,planning and design,compensation and new community development to avoid implementation risks and achieve a new socialist countryside.

Key words: villages relocation and combination, residents' satisfaction, Logistic Model, Qihe County