资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 737-751.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.04.14

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农业文化遗产非使用价值支付意愿的区域差异——以江西崇义客家梯田系统为例

胡兴兴1(), 闵庆文2, 赖格英1,3(), 吴青1, 陈桃金1, 潘思怡1   

  1. 1. 江西师范大学地理与环境学院,南昌 330022
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3. 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,南昌 330022
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-17 修回日期:2017-01-05 出版日期:2017-04-30 发布日期:2017-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡兴兴,女,河南伊川人,硕士生,研究方向为城乡发展与区域规划。E-mail:hxx1991@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    农业部国际交流与合作项目“中国的全球重要农业文化遗产保护”;江西师范大学研究生创新基金(YJS2015008)

Regional differences in the willingness to pay for non-use value of agriculture heritage:Chongyi Hakka Terrace system in Jiangxi

Xingxing HU1(), Qingwen MIN2, Geying LAI1,3(), Qing WU1, Taojin CHEN1, Siyi PAN1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Environment,Jiangxi Normal University,Nanchang 330022,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    3. Key Laboratory for Poyang Lake Wetland and Watershed Research,Ministry of Education,Nanchang 330022,China
  • Received:2016-10-17 Revised:2017-01-05 Online:2017-04-30 Published:2017-04-25

摘要:

以江西崇义客家梯田系统农业文化遗产为样本,运用条件价值法调查遗产地居民的支付意愿来评估该农业文化遗产的非使用价值;同时将遗产地样本区分为核心区和非核心区,探讨不同区域居民支付意愿及其影响因素的区域差异,为当地政府分区管理、完善补偿机制和制定相关保护政策提供科学理论依据。结果显示:2015年崇义客家梯田系统农业文化遗产的非使用价值约为2914.20万元;核心区居民和非核心区居民的最大平均支付意愿分别是123.44元/a和140.07元/a,非核心区是核心区的1.14倍;核心区居民的支付意愿率为75.90%,非核心区居民为72.39%,核心区略高于非核心区;经Logit模型分析可知,情感因素是影响居民支付意愿的主要因素;核心区居民家庭负担情况、人居环境意识影响等对支付意愿的影响显著,非核心区居民的收入水平、受教育程度对其影响显著且均呈正相关,区域间差异明显。

关键词: 农业文化遗产, 非使用价值, 支付意愿, Logit模型, 影响因素, 区域差异, 崇义客家梯田系统

Abstract:

Here,we take the agricultural heritage of Chongyi Hakka terraced system in Jiangxi as a target area and evaluate non-use value by surveying local residents and their willingness to pay based on contingent valuation methods. The sample was divided into core and non-core areas in order to explore regional differences in willingness to pay and influencing factors. Based on 562 questionnaires we found that the non-use value of agricultural heritage of the Chongyi Hakka terrace system in 2015 was worth about 29.142 million CNY. The core area residents’ and non-core area residents’ maximum average willingness to pay is respectively 123.44 (CNY/a)and 140.07 (CNY/a);non-core area residents’ willingness to pay is 1.14 times higher than core area residents’. Core area residents’ paid rate is 75.90% while non-core area residents’ is 72.39%;core area residents have stronger willingness to pay for protection. Logit regression analysis showed that emotional factors are the main factors influencing willingness to pay. Core area residents’ family burden and living environment consciousness have greater effects on willingness to pay,while non-core area residents’ income level and education have a significant influence on willingness to pay and both are positively correlated. Sharp differences exist between these regions and these data will provide theoretical and scientific bases for government to partition management and perfect compensation rules and relevant policies.

Key words: agricultural heritage, non-use value, willingness to pay, Logit model, influencing factors, regional differences, Chongyi Hakka Terrace System