资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 641-650.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.04.06

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丝绸之路经济带沿线发展中国家可再生能源政策制定的影响因素

李凡1(), 许昕1(), 刘姿含2   

  1. 1. 北京第二外国语学院国际商学院,北京 100024
    2. 上海财经大学国际工商管理学院,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-10 修回日期:2017-02-13 出版日期:2017-04-30 发布日期:2017-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李凡,女,吉林吉林人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为技术创新管理。E-mail:lifan@bisu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    北京市教委人文社科重点项目(SZ20171003117);全球环境基金;前3年里全球环境基金是否给予过能源方面的基金

Determinants of renewable energy policies in developing countries of the Silk Road Economic Belt

Fan LI1(), Xin XU1(), Zihan LIU2   

  1. 1. International School of Business,Beijing International Studies University,Beijing 100024,China
    2. School of International Business Administration,Shanghai University of Finance and Economics,Shanghai 200433,China
  • Received:2016-11-10 Revised:2017-02-13 Online:2017-04-30 Published:2017-04-25

摘要:

探索发展中国家可再生能源政策制定影响因素对中国与丝绸之路经济带沿线国家开展更为务实的可再生能源领域国际合作具有重要战略意义。选取丝绸之路经济带沿线32个发展中国家2000-2015年间176条可再生能源政策,基于国内和国外两个视角,从6个系统总计选取23个指标,运用面板Logit模型剖析并重点比较四类可再生能源政策制定的影响因素。实证结果显示,一国的经济状况和能源储备状况是丝绸之路经济带沿线发展中国家制定可再生能源政策时的重要影响因素;丝绸之路经济带沿线发展中国家可再生能源政策受到来自垂直系统的国际扩散效应更为显著;不同类型的可再生能源政策受到的国内和国际影响因素不同,其中能源目标政策的制定主要受到国内系统的影响;框架政策和金融税收政策的制定主要受到国内因素和国际垂直扩散系统因素的影响;公共投资政策则受到了国内因素和国际水平、垂直扩散系统因素的综合影响。

关键词: 影响因素, 发展中国家, 政策制定, 可再生能源政策, 丝绸之路经济带

Abstract:

With global warming,it is of strategic importance to explore determinants of renewable energy (RE)policy adoption in developing countries. Selecting 176 renewable energy policies in 32 developing countries of the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB)from 2000 to 2015 and choosing 23 indicators from six systems based on internal and external perspectives,we analyzed and compared differences of determinants in different types of RE policy adoption using panel data logit modeling. We focused on the determinants of four types of RE policy adopted most during the last 16 years. We tested the robustness of the study by adding control variables,replacing variables and using a different model. We found that from a domestic perspective,economic conditions and energy reserves are important determinants for RE policy adoption in developing countries of the SREB. The larger and the richer the country is,the more RE resources the country has,the more likely that a government will promote development of RE by adopting different types of RE policy. From an international perspective,a policy’s international vertical diffusion effects contribute more to RE policy’ adoption in developing countries of the SREB. Different types of RE policies are influenced by different domestic and international factors. Governments should be highly sensitive to policy guidance from international organizations and major developed countries. With development of the Belt and Road Initiative,China should analyze the target country's energy reserves and economic conditions and focus on the specific nature of the policy. This study provides a scientific foundation and another angle from which to understand determinants influencing RE policy adoption in developing countries.

Key words: determinants, developing country, policy adoption, renewable energy policy, Silk Road Economic Belt