资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 577-584.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.03.19

• • 上一篇    

基于选择实验法的生物资源公众保护偏好研究

蓝菁1(), 夏伟峰1, 刘立2, 欧维新1()   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2. 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所,南京 210042
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-26 修回日期:2016-12-22 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:蓝菁,女,浙江丽水人,博士,副教授,研究方向为资源环境经济与可持续发展、土地经济与政策。E-mail:lanjing@njau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部生态系统与生物多样性经济学(TEEB)试点研究项目;国家自然科学基金项目(71403125、51408318)

Public preferences for biological resource conservation based on choice experiment methods

Jing LAN1(), Weifeng XIA1, Li LIU2, Weixin OU1()   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
    2. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences,Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China,Nanjing 210042,China
  • Received:2016-09-26 Revised:2016-12-22 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20

摘要:

本文以武夷山地区的生物资源保护为例,从公众参与的角度出发,运用选择实验法分析公众对不同生物资源的保护偏好。研究发现:①公众愿意参与武夷山地区生物资源保护的比例达到了60%左右;②依据公众对生物资源各属性边际支付意愿的大小,公众考虑的先后优先保护级别为“中国特有”,“繁育技术不成熟”、“易危”、“濒危”、“繁育技术成熟但未普及”、“濒危程度一般”的生物资源,这与政府及保护组织优先保护“濒危”生物资源的保护政策并不一致。根据研究结果,得出以下政策启示:①政府应积极鼓励公众参与进生物资源的保护作为政府保护力量的有益补充;②政府及保护组织应重视其保护行为与公众保护偏好不一致的情况,并采取相关措施,从而吸引公众更多地参与到保护中来。

关键词: 公众参与, 生物资源, 保护偏好, 选择实验, 武夷山

Abstract:

Taking biological resource conservation of the Wuyi Mountains as an example,we analyzed public protection preferences for biological resource protection from the angle of public participation. We first applied choice experiment methods to look at biological resource conservation in China and draw two main conclusions. First,the ratio of public participation in biological resource protection in the Wuyi Mountains was about 60%,which was a good signal for protection in this area in terms of public participation. Second,the research calculated marginal WTP for the attributes of biological resources,thus public protection priority was followed by protecting Chinese-specific biological resources,then protecting biological resources with immature breeding technology,then protecting vulnerable biological resources,then protecting endangered biological resources,then protecting biological resources with immature but unpopular applied breeding technology,and then protecting near threatened biological resources. According to these findings,there are two policy implications. First,government and relevant protection organizations should take advantage of the power of the public and guide the public to participate more actively in the protection as an important supplement for biological resource conservation in the Wuyi Mountains. Second,the protection priority of government and protection organizations indicated by their protection policy is partially different from the protection priority of the public according to their protection preference of biological resources. It is of great significance for the government and protection organizations to pay attention to such differences and take measures to encourage the public to participate in biological resource conservation.

Key words: public participation, biological resource, protection preference, choice experiment, Wuyi Mountains area