资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 396-407.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.03.02

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旅游地居民感知和态度研究综述

汲忠娟1(), 蒋依依2(), 谢婷3   

  1. 1. 中央民族大学管理学院,北京 100081
    2. 中国旅游研究院国际旅游发展研究所,北京 100005
    3. 北京石油化工学院旅游系,北京 102617
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-22 修回日期:2017-02-21 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:汲忠娟,女,山东临沂人,硕士生,研究方向为遗产旅游。E-mail:jizhju2009@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家“万人计划”青年拔尖人才课题;国家旅游局科研立项重点项目 (14TACK009);国家旅游局旅游业青年专家培养计划课题 (TYEPT201404)

The perceptions and attitudes of residents towards the impacts of tourism

Zhongjuan JI1(), Yiyi JIANG2(), Ting XIE3   

  1. 1. School of Management,Minzu University of China,Beijing 100081,China
    2. International Tourism Research Institute,China Tourism Academy,Beijing 100005,China
    3. Department of Tourism Management,Beijing Institute of Petro-chemical Technology,Beijing 102617,China
  • Received:2016-11-22 Revised:2017-02-21 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20

摘要:

居民作为旅游地重要的利益相关者,其感知和态度研究自20世纪70年代开始受到学者的研究重视,成为测度旅游业对旅游地影响最常涉及的关键内容。本文在前人研究成果基础上,以1975-2015年国内外主要核心期刊研究成果为基础,从旅游地居民感知和态度的研究内容、影响因素、理论依据和研究方法四个方面进行了研究内容和结果的总结,以及国内外相关研究述评。研究认为:不同影响因素与居民感知、态度之间的关系受发展阶段与条件的左右,需进一步结合中国旅游业发展的特殊形态进行实证研究;中国学者在相关领域进行了本土化探索,但鲜有理论构建,可在审视旅游现象的过程中,推动理论抽象与创新;需要将定性与定量研究方法相结合以深入探索现象背后的本质。

关键词: 旅游影响, 社区居民, 感知, 态度, 旅游地

Abstract:

Tourism stakeholders include many kinds of groups,such as government agencies,community resident and tourism developers. Community residents are the most important stakeholders in tourism destinations and their perceptions and attitudes have attracted increasing attention from the 1970s internationally and from the 1990s within China. Drawing on national and international work in this field published between 1975 and 2015,we describe research on tourism influences in different aspects,factors that influence community residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards tourism,and theoretical and research methods of tourism destination community residents' attitudes towards tourism development and impacts. We found that the relationship between different influence factors and community residents' perceptions and attitudes are determined by tourism development phases and conditions. Researchers based in China need to combine the special conditions of tourism development in China for empirical research;while they have conducted localization research in related fields in recent years,there are few results regarding theoretical constructions. We should promote theoretical abstraction and innovation in the process of examining tourism phenomenon in the future. Quantitative research methods have dominated the study of community residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards tourism,strengthening the use of qualitative research methods would benefit our understanding of the nature behind these phenomenon.

Key words: tourism impact, community residents, perception, attitude, tourist destination