资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 356-366.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.17

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低碳转型中新疆工业行业全要素生产率增长研究

徐妍()   

  1. 新疆师范大学商学院,乌鲁木齐 830017
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-12 修回日期:2016-12-12 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:徐妍,女,湖北十堰人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为区域产业分析。E-mail:xuy122@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金青年项目(16CJL045);新疆师范大学博士科研启动基金项目(XJNUBS1309)

Study on the total factor productivity growth of industries in low-carbon transition in Xinjiang

Yan XU()   

  1. School of Business,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi 830017,China
  • Received:2016-09-12 Revised:2016-12-12 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

摘要:

推进工业经济发展向低碳化、集约化转型是“十三五”时期建设洁净新疆、落实绿色发展的重要途径。本文采用1999-2014年新疆32个工业行业的面板数据,借助扩展SBM(Slack Based Measure)超效率模型及ML(Mamlquist-Luenberger)指数对能源和碳排放约束下各行业TFP(Total Factor Productivity)及其变化情况进行评价,在此基础上,进一步测算各行业TFP对期望产出增长的贡献度。结论显示:①各行业的TFP普遍偏低,最佳效率前沿主要由轻工业和装备制造业构成;②绝大多数行业的TFP都明显增长,主要表现为由效率前沿面整体外移引发的增长效应,但追赶效应和规模效应不显著;③新疆工业总体及高、中、低强度产业的TFP增长贡献度都在缓慢波动中下降,对大规模要素投入的生产依赖性并未减弱反而有所增强,规模速度型粗放增长仍居主导地位。

关键词: 低碳转型, 工业, 全要素生产率, 扩展SBM超效率模型, Malmquist-Luenberger指数, 新疆

Abstract:

It is important to promote the transition of Xinjiang’s industrial economy to a low-carbon and intensive one when implementing Clean Xinjiang and the Green Development Concept during the China’s 13th Five-Year Plan period. Based on panel data of 32 subdivided industries from 1999 to 2014,this paper evaluated Xinjiang’s industrial TFP and rate of change using a modified Super-SBM model and the Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index under energy and carbon emission constraints. On this basis,the contribution degree of TFP to desirable output growth was calculated. TFPs are generally low among industries,and the efficiency frontier is mainly composed of light industry and equipment manufacturing industry. TFPs of most industries have increased significantly,characterized by a growth effect caused by the out-shift of the efficiency frontier,but the catch-up effect and the scale effect are insignificant. As for the overall industry and industries with different CO2 emission density,TFPs’ growth contribution degrees have decreased within a slow fluctuation,the production dependence upon massive inputs has not weakened but strengthened,and the extensive economic growth pattern oriented by scale and speed is still in a dominant position. There is a long way to go to implement an industrial low-carbon transition for Xinjiang,and strengthening the subject environment protection consciousness,speeding up green technique progress and innovation,optimizing energy consumption structure and promoting industrial transformation and upgrading are recommended.

Key words: low-carbon transition, industry, total factor productivity, modified Super-SBM model, malmquist-luenberger index, Xinjiang