资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 325-334.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.14

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城市地价与城镇化水平空间分布关系——基于湖北省80个县(市、区)的测度研究

杨剩富1,2(), 胡守庚1,2,3(), 瞿诗进1,2   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(武汉)公共管理学院, 武汉 430074
    2. 国土资源部法律评价工程重点实验室, 武汉 430074
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-10 修回日期:2016-12-09 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨剩富,男,贵州黄平人,博士生,主要研究方向为城市土地经济。E-mail:yangsf2049@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671518);教育部人文社会科学研究基金项目(14YJCZH192);博士后基金项目(2014T70115)

Spatial analysis of the relationship between urban land price and urbanization rate:an empirical study of 80 counties in Hubei

Shengfu YANG1,2(), Shougeng HU1,2,3(), Shijin QU1,2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Legal Assessment Project,Ministry of Land and Resources,Wuhan 430074,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-09-10 Revised:2016-12-09 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

摘要:

探析城镇化水平与城市地价空间分布关系,有助于推动城镇间合理化地价竞争、协调区域城镇化发展。研究讨论了湖北省80个县(市、区)商业、住宅和工业地价在武汉城市圈等经济体协同发展下的空间分布特征,并采用地理加权回归方法详细分析各类地价与城镇化率的空间作用关系。结果显示:湖北省县域商业和住宅地价的空间分布差异较大,呈微弱的集聚分布;工业地价空间分布差异相对较小,呈微弱的离散分布;各城市城镇化程度对地价的影响并未呈现一致的相关关系,而是表现出明显的空间差异,具体而言,城镇化对商业地价的正向作用表现为:鄂中地区>鄂东地区>鄂西地区;对住宅地价的影响作用表现为鄂东较鄂中地区敏感,且为正相关关系,而鄂西地区呈明显负相关;对工业地价的影响表现为正向关系,且鄂东地区>鄂中地区>鄂西地区。因此,在快速城镇化背景下的省域地价管理中,不仅应加强中心城镇地价与周边城镇地价的衔接,引导人口的集聚与分流,推进武汉城市圈、鄂西生态文化旅游圈等经济体的城镇化协同发展;而且应该注重地价在城镇化进程中的杠杆作用,结合鄂东、鄂中、鄂西地域差异,分用途实施精准调控,遏制不正当地价竞争。

关键词: 城镇化, 商业地价, 住宅地价, 工业地价, 空间分布, 湖北省

Abstract:

This paper aims to study the spatial distribution characteristics between urbanization and land value. This work will help promote rational land price competition for adjacent towns and coordinate the development of regional urbanization. We discussed the spatial characteristics of commercial,residential and industrial land price of 80 cities in Hubei,China,which is functioned by the coordinated development of the Wuhan urban agglomeration. Geographically weighted regression (GWR)analysis was conducted. The relationship between urbanization rate and land price was explored in detail. The result showed that the distribution of commercial and residential land prices has spatial differences and weak concentration,but the differences are relatively small and weakly discrete for the industrial land price. Instead of showing a consistent relationship among different cities and corresponding relationships with the economy,the regional distribution of relationships between urbanization and land price shows obvious spatial differentiation. The positive influences of urbanization on commercial land price in a descending order were: central Hubei, east Hubei and west Hubei. Urbanization had a positive influence on residential land price in the east Hubei than west Hubei,but a significantly negative influence occurred in west Hubei. The positive influence degree of urbanization on industrial land price was the east Hubei, central Hubei and west Hubei. Therefore,under the background of rapid urbanization,government regulators should strengthen cohesion between central cities and surrounding areas to guide the agglomeration and distribution of population, which will improve the coordinated development of urbanization between the Wuhan megalopolis and eco-tourism and cultural circles in Western Hubei. Furthermore, on account of the regional disparity of east, central and west Hubei, we should attach great importance to the leverage of land price during urbanization, regulate and control precisely in different land use types and curb improper competition in land price.

Key words: urbanization, commercial land price, residential land price, industrial land price, spatial distribution, Hubei