资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 303-313.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.12

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成都市旅游资源吸引力空间结构特征

敬峰瑞(), 孙虎(), 袁超   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-20 修回日期:2016-11-25 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:敬峰瑞,男,四川南充人,硕士生,研究方向为区域开发与环境治理。E-mail:jingfengruiforever@yahoo.com

Spatial structure analysis of tourism resource attraction in Chengdu

Fengrui JING(), Hu SUN(), Chao YUAN   

  1. College of Tourism and Environment,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi’an 710119,China
  • Received:2016-09-20 Revised:2016-11-25 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

摘要:

旅游资源吸引力可以反映城市旅游空间结构的特征,因此,对城市单体旅游资源的旅游吸引力进行全面评价和空间分析尤为重要。本研究以成都市为例,结合多元类型数据建立旅游资源单体吸引力评价指标,对成都市旅游资源吸引力进行评价,利用核密度分析、空间自相关分析等方法探讨了成都市旅游资源吸引力的空间结构特征,挖掘影响旅游资源吸引力空间差异的因素,从旅游资源吸引力角度提出了成都市旅游空间结构的优化对策。结果显示:①成都市整体旅游资源吸引力格局为城区>全市>其他区(市)县,不同的旅游资源吸引力差别较大;②成都市旅游资源吸引力疏密不均,高值区集中在主城区和都江堰市,广大外围地区吸引力密度稀疏;③旅游资源点之间、行政区之间的旅游吸引力存在着全局或局部空间集聚特征;④区域人口密度、资源密度等因素与旅游资源吸引力之间存在显著的相关关系。

关键词: 旅游资源吸引力, 空间结构, 多元数据, 成都

Abstract:

Tourism resource attraction can reflect the characteristics of urban tourism spatial structure characteristics. Taking Chengdu as an example,we establish a tourism resource attraction evaluation system based on multivariate data,and evaluate the attraction of its tourism resources. We discuss the characteristics of tourism attraction spatial structure and reveal influencing factors via kernel density estimation and spatial autocorrelation. Some suggestions are proposed for optimizing the tourism spatial structure in Chengdu from the perspective of tourism attraction. We found that the overall tourism attraction pattern in Chengdu follows the city center > whole city > rest of the city,and there are obvious differences between different tourism resources. Tourism attraction density is uneven;the main urban area and Dujiangyan are high-value regions while other places are opposite. There are spatial agglomeration phenomena between different tourism resource points and different districts. Tourism resource attraction is significantly related with regional population density,resource density and other factors. According to our results we put forward some suggestions for tourism resource development in Chengdu across two aspects:core-periphery geographical theory and growth pole theory. Suggestions are simple but practical. First,related management organization ought to develop new natural,human and leisure tourism resources with high quality in densely populated areas because population factors are a key index that influences regional tourism resource attraction. Second,in order to improve agglomeration effects and achieve centralized development,it would be better to increase the density of tourism resources in some areas. Third,related organizations are supposed to develop new centers of tourism resource attraction. New attraction centers have improved effects on local economies,culture,environment and infrastructure.

Key words: tourism resource attraction, spatial structure, multivariate data, Chengdu