资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 209-219.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.04

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丘陵地区非农就业类型对农地流转的影响——基于江西省东北部农户调查数据的分析

周来友(), 饶芳萍, 马贤磊, 石晓平()   

  1. 南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-28 修回日期:2016-11-08 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周来友,男,江西余干人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地经济与政策。E-mail:zlydgytxm@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71573134,71373127,71603121)

The effects of off-farm employment type on arable land transfer in hilly areas of Jiangxi

Laiyou ZHOU(), Fangping RAO, Xianlei MA, Xiaoping SHI()   

  1. Nanjing Agricultural University College of Public Administration,Nanjing 210095,China
  • Received:2016-05-28 Revised:2016-11-08 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

摘要:

非农就业与农地流转的关系一直是学术界的热点问题,厘清二者之间的关系有助于为推动农地规模经营提供决策参考。本文从农户非农就业类型的角度切入,利用2000年、2005年和2010年江西省东北部3个村3次农户调研数据,检验了农户不同非农就业类型对农地流转的影响。分析表明,本地务工和外出务工均会带来农业劳动力质量约束效应、数量约束效应和收入增加效应,但本地务工带来的农业劳动力质量约束效应和数量约束效应均小于外地务工。本文首先利用双变量Proboit模型对调研农户非农就业决策与土地流转决策之间的关联性进行检验,结果发现,农户外出务工决策与土地流入决策存在显著的负向关系,表明二者之间是联立的;然后采用工具变量法,并利用Probit模型对不同非农就业类型与农地流转的关系进行回归,发现外出务工对农户农地流出行为有显著正向影响,对农户农地流入行为的影响不显著;本地务工和混合务工对农户农地流入和流出行为的影响均不显著。因此,在当前大力推进农地规模经营的背景下,应发展城镇非农产业,吸引农户异地转移就业,为农地流转创造条件。

关键词: 本地务工, 外出务工, 农地流转, 丘陵地区, 江西省

Abstract:

The relationship between off-farm employment and agricultural land transfer is a hot topic,and clarifying the relationship is important for providing a decision-making reference that promotes agricultural land scale management. Here,we examines the effect of off-farm employment on agricultural land transformation from the perspective of local and migrant off-farm employment using household survey data spanning 2000,2005 and 2010 in three villages in northeast Jiangxi province,China. Analysis shows that both local and migrant off-farm employment has agricultural labor quality and quantity effects and income effects. In contrast,local off-farm employment induced weaker agricultural labor quality and quantity effects than migrant off-farm employment. Correlation between farmers’ off-farm employment and land transfer decisions using a bivariate Probit model found that migrant workers' decision-making has a significantly negative impact on migrant workers' decision-making,which indicates that the migrant workers' decision-making and migrant workers' decision-making are simultaneous decision-making. Using an instrumental variable method to test the relationship between off-farm employment and agricultural land transfer with a Probit model found that migrant off-farm employment has a positive impact on the land rented out but not on land rented in. The impacts of local off-farm employment and mixture off-farm employment on land transfer are not significant,neither on land rent in nor on land rented out. Hence it is suggested that in the context of promoting agricultural land scale management,policy makers should develop urban non-farm industries and encourage households to engage in migrant off-farm employment. This will facilitate the development of agricultural land markets from a supply side.

Key words: local off-farm employment, migrant off-farm employment, arable land transfer, hilly areas, Jiangxi Province