资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 175-187.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.01

• •    下一篇

基于文献统计的国内农业文化遗产研究进展

张永勋1,2(), 何璐璐3, 闵庆文1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 北京农学院经济管理学院,北京 102206
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-26 修回日期:2016-11-22 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张永勋,男,河南光山人,博士生,主要从事农业可持续发展和农业文化遗产研究。E-mail:zhangyongxun666@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    农业部国际交流与合作项目“2016年中国全球重要农业文化遗产保护”

Research progress of agricultural heritage in China based on literature statistics

Yongxun ZHANG1,2(), Lulu HE3, Qingwen MIN1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. Economics and Management School,Beijing University of Agriculture,Beijing 102206,China
  • Received:2016-05-26 Revised:2016-11-22 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

摘要:

2005年至今中国农业文化遗产研究快速发展,本文以中国知网全文数据库为基础,筛选出2005-2015年11年间发表的513篇农业文化遗产相关论文,应用文献统计方法分别从论文发表量变化、载文期刊、研究机构、作者群特征、研究区分布、研究内容和研究方法对其进行分析。分析结果显示:①农业文化遗产研究刚进入发展阶段;②当前的研究主要集中于生态、资源、农学等几个学科;③研究机构主要集中于北京,而西北和东北等遗产地较多的地区相关研究力量薄弱;④作者群呈现高学历、年轻化、高职称特点,利于该研究领域的发展;⑤农业文化遗产的研究逐渐走向多学科参与的综合研究,但是目前的研究方向十分集中,仍然有不少领域缺乏研究;⑥研究方法以基于文献研究的定性描述较多,实验和实地调研为基础的定量分析研究相对薄弱。尽管如此,与其他国家比较,中国农业文化遗产研究处于领先地位,但申遗后的遗产系统变化研究相对较弱。未来的研究应注意吸引更多学科、更多研究机构参与;应强化基础性研究,以便为农业文化遗产系统的科学性解读提供支撑;应加快农业文化遗产监测评估研究,尤其是申遗后遗产系统要素的变化及其驱动因素研究;应加强农业文化遗产保护与发展的产业支撑体系研究。

关键词: 农业文化遗产, 全球重要农业文化遗产, 中国重要农业文化遗产, 研究进展, 发文分析

Abstract:

Agricultural heritage systems have been attracting researchers across diverse subjects and the literature on agricultural heritage systems increased rapidly in the past decade. In the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database,513 published papers about agricultural heritage were screened from 2005 to 2015 using key words. Based on analysis of these papers,we found that research on agricultural heritage systems is still in a primary stage and that research is mainly concentrated on ecology,resources and agronomy. The institutes researching agricultural heritage are mainly distributed in Beijing. Northwest and northeast China have many GIAHS and China-NIAHS sites but hardly have any institutes. Most authors are young and with a high education degree and high professional title,thus is good for development of the subject. Studies are becoming more comprehensive due to more researcher participation from different subjects. Current studies are mainly qualitative,and quantitative studies using scientific experiments and field surveys are lacking. Even so,compared with other countries,China is a global leader in research on agricultural heritage,but some topics like the change in agricultural heritage systems lack depth. Several key research fields need be enhanced in the future:more researchers from other subjects and from institutes near to GIAHS and China-NIAHS sites to participate in different topics associated agricultural heritage;enhancing basic research on characteristics of agricultural heritage and scientific connotation;strengthening monitoring and estimation methods and practice measures; changes in designated agricultural heritage systems;and industrial development research in agricultural heritage sites.

Key words: agricultural heritage, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, research progress, literature analysis