资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 40-49.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.01.05

• 专栏:中国国家公园体制试点研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

钱江源国家公园体制试点区管理措施的社区居民感知研究

周睿1, 2, 钟林生1, 3, 虞虎1, 3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-10 修回日期:2016-12-03 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生,E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:周睿,女,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士,主要从事生态旅游、国家公园、可持续发展研究。E-mail:catherine-rui@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671527); 浙江省发展和改革委员会项目(钱江源国家公园体制试点方案与总体规划编制)

Community perception towards Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area administrative measures

ZHOU Rui1, 2, ZHONG Linsheng1, 3, YU Hu1, 3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-09-10 Revised:2016-12-03 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20

摘要: 钱江源国家公园体制试点区涉及3处保护地与4个乡镇,其国家公园相关管理政策与措施已开始实施,然而社区居民的感知状况尚不得知。基于实地调研获取的376份问卷数据,借助因子分析得到7项管理政策,其中,社区居民对共同管理政策感知最强,对功能分区政策感知最弱。由方差分析结果得知,7项管理政策的感知强度与4个乡镇具有关联关系,其中,4个乡镇分别对功能分区、发展定位、社区发展和共同管理政策最为敏感,可分别归因于原属地的功能分区、社区参与、产业发展和资源保护程度因素。未来,试点区管理部门应从不同地域社区居民的发展诉求出发,分别侧重居民福利保障、旅游特许经营、社区发展规划和共同参与管理政策,从而充分体现国家公园的公益性。

关键词: 保护地, 管理措施, 钱江源国家公园体制试点区, 社区居民感知

Abstract: Certain protected areas in China are transitioning to National Park System Pilot Areas,in which local community perception is a key issue. Based on three types of protected areas and four towns,Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area is one such transitional area. However,the local communities have little knowledge about new administrative measures and communities in different regions (including original protected areas and townships)have a long and complicated relationship with park administrative measures. It is inferred that community clusters at different regional scales may have different perceptions of the park and its transition. Based on data from 376 questionnaires,we used exploratory factor analysis to acquire seven basic administrative measures consisent with current international national park administrative measures. The perception towards co-management and zoning are respectively the strongest and weakest. The result of ANOVA test showed that the seven basic administrative measures are relevant to four towns’ administrative policies. For instance,communities from Suzhuang Town are the most sensitive to zoning policy,which could be attributed to strict protection of nearby Gutian Mountain Nature Reserve. In contrast,communities from Changhong Town perceives the strongest functioning policy,which is the result of their high involvement in tourism. For future policy making,the management committee of the Pilot Area should consider communities' appeal based on different regions and development conditions. For example,Suzhuang and Changhong Town should respectively pay attention to resident welfare and tourism concession policy to achieve coordinated development between the national park and local community.

Key words: administrative measures, community perception, protected area, Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area