资源科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 20-29.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.01.03

• 专栏:中国国家公园体制试点研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

钱江源国家公园体制试点区功能分区研究

虞虎1, 2, 陈田1, 2, 钟林生1, 2, 周睿1, 2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-15 修回日期:2016-12-09 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生,E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:虞虎,男,安徽太和人,博士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划。E-mail:yuhuashd@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41671527); 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所科技计划(Y5V5001IYE); 浙江省发展和改革委员会项目(钱江源国家公园体制试点方案与总体规划编制)

Functional zoning of the Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area

YU Hu1, 2, CHEN Tian1, 2, ZHONG Linsheng1, 2, ZHOU Rui1, 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-08-15 Revised:2016-12-09 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20

摘要:

功能分区是保证国家公园自然资源保护和可持续利用制度落地的技术保障。本文借鉴发达国家发展经验,归纳了国家公园的功能分区方案,并对浙江钱江源国家公园体制试点区的功能分区进行了研究。结论认为:①国家公园功能分区一般考虑生态系统保护、科普宣教、社区发展和游憩利用四个方面,分区布局多呈同心圆状,必要时通过土地资源权属收购来确保国家主导性;②国家公园功能分区需确保主导功能实现的前提下,控制利用分区面积,调整土地使用权属结构,确保自然生态和历史文化资源的保护空间以及分区主导功能的可操作性;③钱江源国家公园体制试点区可以划分为四个功能分区,即核心保护区、生态保育区、游憩展示区和传统利用区,以协调生态系统保护与社区发展、游憩利用的多重关系。

关键词: 功能区划分, 国家公园, 钱江源国家公园体制试点区

Abstract:

National park construction is an important means of landscape protection and utilization. Functional partition and systematic design ensure the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources of national parks. Using the experiences of developed countries,the article summarized the scheme and technical methods of the functional zoning of national parks,and analyzed the functional zoning of the pilot area of Qianjiangyuan National Park. We found that functional zoning includes three principles:protect ecological system integrity,security community development,and moderately use recreational resource. National parks are generally divided into three to five functional areas by protection and use dimensions,with the spatial distribution in concentric rings. The root cause of the different partition mode is due to set goals and land use intensity. In general,the partition model is according to the intensity of development and utilization. When necessary,national dominance is ensured by land and resource acquisition. National park function areas should be divided according to dominant functions,control of usage areas,adjustment of land use,and to ensure the protection of the natural ecology,historical culture resources,and operability of partition leading function. According to analysis of residential areas and road distribution,the protection resources density distribution and land use type,we think that the pilot area of Qianjiangyuan National Park can be divided into four function areas:core protection area,ecological conservation area,recreation display area and traditional use area,to coordinate multiple relations among ecosystem conservation,community development and recreation utilization. National park functional zoning should select reasonable partition layout patterns adjusted to local conditions and combination relations,regulating the nature of the various types of land,and promotion of reasonable protection and utilization of all kinds of ecological resources.

Key words: function partition, national park, Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area