资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2392-2406.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.18

• • 上一篇    

城乡结合部农地非农转换价值感知研究──以西宁市郊区农户调查为例

马睿1(), 周伟1,2(), 黄保华1   

  1. 中国地质大学土地科学技术学院,北京100083
    2. 国土资源部土地整治重点实验室,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-31 修回日期:2016-10-17 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马睿,女,山东泰安人,硕士生,主要研究方向为土地资源管理。marui152@cubg.edu.cn

Perceptions of farmers toward urban-rural linkage area farmland conversion in Xining City

MA Rui1(), ZHOU Wei1,2(), HUANG Baohua1   

  1. 1.School of Land Science and Technology,China University of Geoscience,Beijing 100083,China
    2.Key Laboratory of Land Regulation Ministry of Land Resources,Beijing 100083,China
  • Received:2016-07-31 Revised:2016-10-17 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

随着城镇化发展农地非农化导致了一系列问题,农民利益得到广泛关注。本文的研究目的在于获取农地非农化过程中农户的价值感知,探索被征地农民的生活困难与需求,为城乡协调发展提供理论依据。本文采用参与式农村评估对西宁市郊区4个样本村204户农户随机入户调查,综合考虑空间位置、征地情况与开发类型等因素划分样本,就农户非农转换经济、社会保障、景观价值感知、非农意愿进行统计分析。研究结果表明,农户非农转换价值感知总体方向一致,农地非农化对农民生活造成了正负两方面的影响。农户感知非农转换造成收入来源减少和生活成本增加的经济压力,以及缺乏就业和保障的社会压力,同时农户感知农地非农化带来了整洁的居住环境与完善的基础设施;农户非农转换价值感知的差异性受人均耕地数量、种植结构、空间位置、土地开发方向、历时性的影响,一定程度影响了非农意愿;政府应当引导农地非农化有序的逐步推进,立足于农户的后顾生计,让农民参与到土地增值收益分配中,完善就业与生活保障体系。

关键词: 城乡结合部, 农户感知, 农地非农化, 问卷调查, 西宁市

Abstract:

Farmland conversion results in certain problems and the attitudes of farmers towards conversion is receiving increased attention. The purpose of this study was to better understand the issues related to coordinated urban and rural development via exploring the needs and perceptions of rural residents to farmland conversion. The method of Participatory Rural Appraisal was used in the Xining peri-urban area. A total of 204 householders from four villages completed valid questionnaires. Comprehensive consideration of location conditions,land acquisition,development type and other factors was undertaken alongside analysis of respondent willingness,economic perception,social security and landscape value. The results indicate that rural residents’ perception of farmland conversion are consistent with the overall direction and that farmland conversion has positive and negative effects on their lives. Our sample perceived that farmland conversion caused economic and social pressures,reduction in economic income,increasing cost of living and employment insecurity. They feel that the air is dry and freshness declines after conversion,but that living environments and infrastructure are improved. Differences in perception are affected by per capita cultivated land,planting structure,location conditions,and land development direction. The government should guide farmland conversion step by step,consider rural livelihoods,enable residents to participate in the distribution of land value-added income,and improve rural employment security.

Key words: urban-rural linkage area, farmers’, perception, farmland conversion, questionnaire, Xining City