资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2361-2374.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.15

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基于系统耦合视角的京津冀城镇化协调发展评价

樊鹏飞1(), 梁流涛1,2(), 李炎埔1, 段琳琼1, 王楠楠1, 陈常优1   

  1. 1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475004
    2. 河南大学黄河中下游数字地理技术教育部重点实验室,开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-23 修回日期:2016-09-05 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:樊鹏飞,男,河南焦作人,硕士生,主要研究方向为土地利用与估价研究。18438703566@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301641);教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(11YJC790095)

Evaluation of coordinated development of urbanization from the perspective of system coupling in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

FAN Pengfei1(), LIANG Liutao1,2, LI Yanpu1, DUAN Linqiong1, WANG Nannan1, CHEN Changyou1   

  1. 1. College of Environment and Planning,Henan University,Kaifeng 475004,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions,Ministry of Education,Kaifeng 475004,China
  • Received:2016-06-23 Revised:2016-09-05 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

城镇化协调发展是提升区域城镇化水平的关键,对于解决快速城镇化过程中出现的一系列问题具有现实意义。本文在系统耦合视域下解构城镇化内部协调发展机理,利用计量模型和空间分析工具,对2014年京津冀城镇化协调发展水平进行空间格局分析,结果表明:①城镇化内部各维度指数空间差异显著,经济城镇化指数差异最明显,生态城镇化指数差异最小,经济和土地城镇化指数的空间差异基本一致;②综合城镇化指数呈现出“核心-外围”分布格局。由于城镇化市场机制不强,产业梯度差异较大,公共服务投入悬殊,区域协调机制不健全,导致城镇化发展“涓滴效应”不强;③城镇化协调发展度呈现出“东北部高-南北两头较低”的分布格局。东北部地区城镇化各维度指数都较高且差异较小,南部地区城镇化各维度指数差异较大,北部地区各维度指数都较低。立足京津冀城镇化协调发展现状,建议增强城镇化市场机制,打破地区分割,深化产业的上下游和区域合作,树立协调发展理念,因地制宜推动城镇化的协调发展。

关键词: 城镇化, 协调发展, 空间格局, 系统耦合, 京津冀地区

Abstract:

The coordinated development of urbanization was the key to promote the level of regional urbanization. This approach also contribute to solve many realistic problems resulting from the rapid urbanization of some regions. Using coupling coordinative development interactive mechanisms for urbanization and system coupling,here we analyzed the spatial pattern of urbanization coordinate development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area. We found differences among the inner dimension of urbanization and the index showed obvious spatial differences. The index of economic urbanization was the most different;the index of ecological urbanization showed the least difference. The distribution of economic urbanization and land urbanization were roughly coincident. The index of comprehensive urbanization showed a core-periphery distribution pattern. The market mechanism of urbanization was not strong and the difference between industrial gradient and public service investment was large. Regional coordination mechanism was not perfect,so the trickle-down effect of urbanization was not strong. Spatial differences in urbanization coordination development were evident and the index was one of northeast high/north and south low. Each dimension index of urbanization in the northeast region was relatively high and the difference was very small. The difference in the urbanization index was large in the southern region. Each dimension index of urbanization was very small in the northern region. Based on the status quo of coordinated development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area,we propose enhancements of market mechanism of urbanization such as breaking interlocal and departmental partition and blockage; building regional uniform markets; enhancing regional industrial cooperation; and deepening upstream,mid-stream and downstream industrial chains. We should also establish the concept of coordinated development which puts people first;seek comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development;and promote the coordinated development of urbanization according to local conditions.

Key words: urbanization, coordination development, spatial disparities, system coupling, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area