资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2244-2255.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.05

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海洋旅游基地适宜性综合评价研究

孙静1(), 杨俊1,3(), 席建超2,3   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,大连 116029
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-19 修回日期:2016-10-30 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孙静,女,辽宁铁岭人,硕士生,主要从事城市规划、旅游、土地利用研究。305861611@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471140,41671151);国家旅游局“国家旅游示范基地标准”项目

The comprehensive evaluation of suitability of marine tourism base in China

SUN Jing1(), YANG Jun1,3(), XI Jianchao2,3   

  1. 1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Analysis and Simulation,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-06-19 Revised:2016-10-30 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

海洋旅游代表着中国旅游业转型升级的重要方向,研究以当前海洋旅游资源为基础,综合分析沿海地区建设国家海洋旅游基地的适宜性。研究结果表明:①中国海洋旅游基地的发展主要集中在渤海海域中的辽东半岛东部海域、黄海海域中的山东半岛东北部海域、东海海域中的闽南海域和南海海域中的海南岛以及三沙市等区域的沿海城市;②在海洋旅游资源基础方面,南海南部海域、粤西海域、桂东、桂西海域沿海地区的海洋旅游资源丰富多样,适合风景观光、滨海浴场、沙滩、海岛型等滨海旅游度假区的协同开发;③在旅游产业发展和潜力方面,长三角和珠三角沿海地区中心城市可依靠产业发展和潜力优势,改善资源环境基础,打造海洋旅游国际滨海城市旅游目的地,协同城市群创新发展海洋旅游产业。

关键词: 海洋旅游基地, 适宜性, 综合评价

Abstract:

Marine tourism represents an important direction in China's tourism industry transformation and upgrade. Here we use pluralistic geographic information data based on a GIS spatial platform to analyze tourism resources,current tourism development and the future of marine tourism. Comprehensive assessment of appropriate regional national marine tourism demonstration base construction. We found that China’s marine tourism development is mainly concentrated on the Eastern Liaodong Peninsula in the Bohai Sea,northeastern Shandong Peninsula in the Huanghai Sea,the Minnan Sea,East China Sea and southwest Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Marine tourism industry development mainly depends on the development model of urban + tourist,specifically targeting Sanya,Xiamen,Dalian and Weihai,as urban regions relying on coastal tourist resorts as marine tourism demonstrations. Dalian and Weihai also need further planning for the development direction of the marine industry;mining industry developmental characteristics give full play to the northern coastal city as marine tourism leaders. On the basis of resources,the southern waters of the South China Sea,western Guangdong,and eastern and western waters in Guangxi rich in marine tourism resources are suitable for co-development of coastal beaches,island-types and other coastal tourist resorts. Sansha,Beihai and Yangjiang city are key areas for marine tourism in the future. In industrial development and potential,the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta coastal regional centers have industrial development potential. We need to improve the resource base environment and build an international coastal city of marine tourism destinations,innovate urban agglomeration collaboratives,develop the marine tourism industry,rationally use rich coastal and island resources,and lead international marine tourism development.

Key words: marine tourism base, suitability, comprehensive evaluation