资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2233-2243.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.04

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中国冰雪旅游基地适宜性综合评价研究

程志会1(), 刘锴1, 孙静1, 席建超2,3(), 杨俊1,3   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,大连 116029
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-19 修回日期:2016-10-30 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:程志会,男,辽宁凌源人,硕士生,主要从事地理信息系统应用研究。chengzhihui2345@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671151,41471140);国家旅游局“国家旅游示范基地标准”项目

The comprehensive evaluation of suitability of ice-snow tourism base in China

CHENG Zhihui1(), LIU Kai1, SUN Jing1, XI Jianchao2,3(), YANG Jun1,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Analysis and Simulation,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-06-19 Revised:2016-10-30 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

冰雪旅游是中国未来旅游业升级的重要方向,研究旨在探讨建立国家冰雪旅游目的地评价体系,以为将来选择和建设冰雪旅游示范区。研究结果表明:①当前,中国冰雪旅游产业主要集中在黑龙江、吉林和新疆,东北地区的冰雪旅游开发在规模和影响程度上处于领先地;②中国西藏、青海等地区冰雪资源丰富,但旅游产业开发和发展难度较大;内蒙古地区冰雪资源得天独厚,适合冰雪旅游产品开发和产业发展,是中国冰雪旅游未来发展的重点区;③中国东南部大城市群地区不具备户外冰雪旅游资源,不适宜户外冰雪旅游产业的开发;④华北的京津冀地区具备一定的冰雪资源,可采取自然冰雪旅游产品和人工冰雪旅游产品相结合的方法,提高冰雪旅游产业效益。

关键词: 冰雪旅游基地, 适宜性, 综合评价

Abstract:

Ice-snow tourism is an important direction for China's tourism planning and upgrading, research pluralistic geographic information data, based on GIS spatial platform, comprehensive analysis of ice and snow tourism resources and environment, tourism development and the current situation of the tourism development potential of evaluation, comprehensive evaluation national snow and ice tourism demonstration bases suitable location. And then, summary of national ice-snow tourist destination evaluation system, the construction of ice-snow tourism demonstration area. The results showed that: (1) Integrated analysis of resource base, development status and future potential, China Ice-snow tourism development mainly concentrated in Heilongjiang, Jilin province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the future. Ice-snow tourism industry development mainly depends on the development model of urban + tourist, specifically targeting Harbin, Changchun-Yanji, and Changji cities (Prefecture). Ice-Snow tourism development in the Northeast region of the scale and degree of influence in a leading position. The northeastern region of ice and snow tourism products rich, including ice and snow geology, mountains, lake water, ice art museum and so on. Northwest, southwest of the snow and ice tourism industry to watch the snow-capped mountains, ecological experience and other products. (2) From the resource base, Tibetan ,Qinghai and ningxia province(Autonomous Region) rich in snow and ice resources, but the snow tourism industry development is difficult. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region hold unique resources, suitable for carrying snow tourism projects, development of snow tourism products, is the focus area of ice-snow tourism in the future. (3) From industrial development and potential, the top ten urban agglomeration areas of southeastern does not have the outdoor ice and snow tourism resources, not suitable for the development of snow tourism industry. Beijing, Tianjin and North China regions have a certain amount of Ice-Snow resources, can take the natural and artificial ice-snow tourism products tourism product combination of methods to expand the snow tourism industry.

Key words: ice-snow tourism base, suitability, comprehensive evaluation