资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2221-2232.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.03

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中国人文旅游基地适宜性综合评价研究

张春梅1(), 葛雨婷1(), 席建超2,3, 杨俊1,3   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,大连 116029
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-19 修回日期:2016-10-30 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张春梅,女,大连普兰店人,副教授,主要从事人居环境与旅游。zhang_zcm@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471140);国家旅游局“国家旅游示范基地标准”项目

The comprehensive evaluation research of suitability of cultural tourism base in China

ZHANG Chunmei1(), GE Yuting1(), XI Jianchao2,3, YANG Jun1,3   

  1. 1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-06-19 Revised:2016-10-30 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

人文旅游基地是中国实现文化强国战略和人文旅游发展的重要基础。本文以当前中国文化旅游产业资源为基础,以区域经济发展和未来文化旅游产业规划为依托,运用GIS分析方法,综合分析评价人文旅游资源基础指标、旅游产业发展和旅游发展潜力。目前,国家人文旅游基地的建设已经形成了“景城一体”的旅游区和依托区关系,通过人文廊道建设和文化挖掘的形式促进城市化的加快和城市群的崛起,对中国人文旅游产业发展进行评价,并综合分析产业发展的空间导向,得到人文旅游产业的适宜度空间分布,从而提出促进人文旅游发展水平的合理建议,对于旅游化进程下的人文旅游发展具有重要的指导意义。结果显示:燕赵文化副区、黄土高原文化副区、吴越文化副区、巴蜀文化副区和西南少数民族文化亚区为人文旅游适宜性等级最高的地区。人文旅游很适宜区主要分布于淮河流域文化区、荆湘文化副区、齐鲁文化副区、岭南文化副区、台湾海峡文化副区、鄱阳文化副区和中原文化副区;人文旅游基本适宜区在中国各文化区均有分布,但主要位于蒙新草原-沙漠游牧文化亚区、关东文化副区和青藏高原游牧文化亚区。

关键词: 人文旅游基地, 适宜性, 综合评价

Abstract:

A cultural tourism base is an important foundation in realizing cultural power and the development of cultural tourism in China. Here we use multivariate data,GIS and comprehensive analysis of current cultural tourism resources,tourism development status and future tourism development potential. Now the construction of national cultural tourism base has formed a ‘landscape and urban integration’ tourist area that relies on district relations,mainly through the construction of cultural corridors and cultural excavation in the form of accelerated urbanization and urban agglomeration. By looking at the scientific basis of the development of a humanistic tourism industry and spatial orientation of industrial development we can understand spatial humanities tourism industry suitability. These data are useful in guiding reasonable suggestions aimed to enhance the level of humanistic tourism development. The results showed that the suburbs of Yanzhao culture region,the culture region of the Loess Plateau,Wuyue cultural region,Bashu cultural region and the southwest minority culture sub-region were areas with the highest humanistic tourism suitability. Areas suitable for cultural tourism are mainly distributed in the Huaihe River Valley cultural district,Jingxiang cultural sub-region,Qilu cultural sub-region,Lingnan cultural sub-region,Taiwan straits cultural sub-region and Poyang cultural sub-region and the central plains cultural sub-region. The basic suitable area of cultural tourism is distributed in various cultural areas in China,but most of this is located in the nomadic cultural sub-region of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,the Guandong cultural sub-region the Mongolian new grassland-desert nomadic cultural sub-region.

Key words: cultural tourism base, suitability, comprehensive evaluation