资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2210-2220.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.02

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中国避暑旅游基地适宜性综合评价研究

杨俊1,3(), 张永恒1, 席建超2,3()   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,大连 116029
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-19 修回日期:2016-10-30 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨俊 ,男,湖北孝昌人,博士,副教授,主要从事人居环境、城市化与地理信息系统应研究。yangjun@lnnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671151,41471140);国家旅游局“国家旅游示范基地标准”项目

The comprehensive evaluation of suitability of summer tourism base in China

YANG Jun1,3(), ZHANG Yongheng1, XI Jianchao2,3()   

  1. 1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116029,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-06-19 Revised:2016-10-30 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

随着全球气候变暖、城市热岛效应的逐渐加剧,避暑旅游已是当前夏季人们最迫切的旅游需求。本文以目前中国避暑旅游资源为基础,研究和探讨了避暑旅游基地建设的空间适宜性分布。研究采用UTCI通用热气候指数模型和GIS空间分析法对多元数据进行建模处理,加权求得避暑旅游基地综合舒适度指数,并对舒适度等级进行分析评价,目的是构建以国家A级景区为核心区,周边服务产业为半径的一批产业要素链齐全、旅游环境舒适,国内外具有较高影响力的综合性避暑旅游基地。研究表明:①中国避暑旅游气候舒适度总体分布主要集中在青藏高原周边地带和辽东半岛以及山东半岛的滨海地带和部分西南地区;②具体分布以中国辽东半岛和山东半岛的滨海地区为避暑旅游基地第一大集中分布区;西南山地高原以贵阳、昆明等为核心点及周边依托区为避暑旅游基地的第二大集中分布区;东北山地平原以沈阳、吉林等周边地区可视为避暑旅游基地第三大集中区;西北中部地区以西宁,兰州为主要中心轴向南北两端发展的辐射地区为避暑旅游基地的第四大集中分布区。

关键词: 避暑旅游基地, 气候适宜度, 适宜性评价, 科学基础, 空间导向

Abstract:

With the global warming, the gradual increase in urban heat island effect, summer tourism is the most urgent needs of the summer travel. This paper currently our country summer tourism resources as the foundation, studies and discusses the spatial suitability distribution of summer tourism base construction. The research by UTCI climate comfort index and GIS spatial analysis method and AHP analytic hierarchy process(AHP)based, with GIS spatial analysis technique of multivariate data modeling processing, weighting to obtain the tourism climate comfortable degree index, in order to build the national A-level scenic spot core center, service industry around radius, to build a comprehensive a number of industrial chain elements, tourism environment comfortable, at home and abroad has an influence on the comprehensive summer tourism base. The findings are as follows. The spatial distribution of China’s summer tourism resources exhibits a double-peak characteristic, with concentrations in the mid- and high-latitude and high-altitude regions. Second, the specific spatial distribution included areas surrounding the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Liaodong Peninsula and coastal areas of Shandong Peninsula and the part of in southwest China. The Liaodong Peninsula and coastal areas of the Shandong Peninsula is the most ideal summer tourism destinations. The second largest concentration of suitable summer tourism destinations is found in the southwestern mountains and plateaus, with Guiyang and Kunming as the core and including their peripheral areas. Next is the northeastern mountains and plains, comprising Shenyang, Jilin and their peripheral areas. Fourth largest is the central region of the northwest, with Xining and Lanzhou as the central axis and radiating in a north-south direction.

Key words: summer tourism base, climatic suitability, suitability evaluation, scientific foundation, spatial orientation