资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2201-2209.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.12.01

• •    下一篇

国家旅游示范基地相关理论问题研究

席建超1,2()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-19 修回日期:2016-11-14 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:席建超 ,男,河南确山人,副研究员,主要从事旅游城镇化和旅游环境效应研究工作。xijc@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671151);国家旅游局“国家旅游示范基地标准”项目

Theoretical basis and key issues in a national tourism demonstrations base

XI Jianchao1,2()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-06-19 Revised:2016-11-14 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-12-20

摘要:

国家旅游示范基地是新阶段促进旅游业转型升级,推动国家精品旅游目的地体系建立,推进全域旅游示范区建设的一项基础性工作。本文结合新阶段旅游目的地转型升级的发展定位、发展要素、市场依托、空间布局、产业构成和管理运营六方面的趋势,系统分析了国家旅游示范基地的基本概念、内涵特征、要素构成,探讨了国家旅游示范基地选建涉及到的空间导向与科学基础、基地 “依托区”与“核心区”的关系处理、基地的准入标准与监测评估体系联动、基地的推广建设与国家全域旅游区推进协同、基地创建中利益主体政府与市场关系定位等基础理论问题,研究对指导国家旅游示范基地的规划建设和具体创建,推进国家旅游目的地转型升级具有重要的理论价值和现实意义。

关键词: 国家旅游示范基地, 基地建设, 准入标准, 理论问题

Abstract:

Construction of a national demonstration destinations for tourism is important to improving construction of a tourism destination system,implementing strategies for global tourism and establishing reasonable regional tourism product systems. Clarifying the space form and access standard system of various national tourism demonstration bases will deepen understanding and practice of the National Tourism Demonstration Base. Combining six aspects of trends in new tourism destination transformation and upgrading (development orientation,development factors,market relocation,spatial distribution,industrial structure and management and operation of tourism destination) this work systematically analyzes the basic concept and connotation of the national tourism demonstration base. This paper discusses the relationship between relying area and core area,and the science base and space orientation which may be involved in base selection. The framework of the tourism demonstration base,the basic space structure and the main elements of the tourism demonstration base are proposed. The paper also studies the scientific basis,spatial orientation,access standards,monitoring and evaluation system,relationship between region and core area,relationship between government and market of the national demonstration destination for tourism selection and the relationship between similar demonstration destinations. Establishing a national demonstration destination for tourism greatly promotes development of regional tourism. This article will guide planning and construction of the national demonstration destination for tourism in the new tourism development stage. It has theoretical and practical significance to enhancing the system construction of tourism destinations.

Key words: national demonstration destination, background, theory, structure