资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 2181-2191.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.11.16

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重庆市乡村旅游运营效率评价与空间战略分异研究

江燕玲1(), 潘卓2, 潘美含2   

  1. 1. 重庆科技学院,重庆 401331
    2. 西南大学,重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-18 修回日期:2016-08-18 出版日期:2016-11-16 发布日期:2016-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:江燕玲,女,四川仁寿人,副教授,研究方向为区域经济地理与旅游管理。E-mail:277164847@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目(15CJY014)

Spatial variation and strategic pattern optimization of operation efficiency of rural tourism in Chongqing

JIANG Yanling1(), PAN Zhuo2, PAN Meihan2   

  1. 1. Chongqing Institute of Science and Technology,Chongqing 401331,China
    2. Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China
  • Received:2016-05-18 Revised:2016-08-18 Online:2016-11-16 Published:2016-11-16

摘要:

基于重庆市38个区县2014年乡村旅游运营资本投入、劳动力投入、乡村旅游资源投入数据和农村经济效益、社会效益和环境效益产出数据,综合运用超效率SBM模型与ArcGIS空间分析平台,考察分析重庆38个评价单元乡村旅游运营效率及其空间分异,并回溯刻画了各评价单元效率损失主导因素及空间差异。研究发现:①从效率数理特征来看,重庆乡村旅游发展仍处于初级阶段,且呈现资本、劳动力与服务机构投入不足状态;②从效率空间分异特征来看,都市功能区已处于规模效益递减阶段,且普遍存在由于投入过量而导致的效率损失,渝东北、渝东南地区仍处于规模效益递增阶段,且普遍存在由于投入不足而导致的效率损失,主城近郊、渝西、渝东地区普遍存在由于非期望产出过量而导致的效率损失。在上述研究基础上,根据市域乡村旅游运营效率及其损失的空间分异,提出了“一核一圈两翼七大板块”的乡村旅游空间战略格局优化方案,并构建了差别化发展策略。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 运营效率, 空间分异, 战略格局, 重庆市

Abstract:

Based on investment data for 38 districts and counties in the Chongqing City in 2014 regarding operation capital,labor force rural tourism,rural tourism resources,rural economic efficiency,social efficiency and environmental benefit outputs,a supper-efficient SBM model and ARCGIS spatial analysis platform were applied to investigate efficiency of rural tourism and variation. The leading factors of efficiency loss in each evaluation unit and spatial variation were recalled and depicted. We found that from the point view of mathematical features of efficiency,the development of rural tourism in Chongqing is still at a primary stage and investment in capital,labor force and service institutions is insufficient. From the perspective of the features of spatial variation of efficiency,the urban functional area has been in the stage of scale benefit degression and the efficiency loss caused by excessive investment is universal. For example,the northeast and southeast areas of Chongqing are still in the stage of scale benefit degression and there exists universal efficiency loss caused by excessive investment. Efficiency loss caused by excessive undesirable output is widespread on the outskirts of the main city,west and east. On the basis of the above research,according to operation efficiency of rural tourism in the city area and spatial variation in loss,the scheme of spatial strategic pattern optimization of rural tourism,namely,‘one core,one circle,two rings and seven sections’ is discussed and a differentiation development strategy constructed.

Key words: rural tourism, operation efficiency, spatial variation, strategic pattern, Chongqing