资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 2082-2094.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.11.07

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创新实践地区农户参与农田保护补偿政策成效的生计禀赋影响——苏州及成都的实证比较

谢晋, 蔡银莺()   

  1. 华中农业大学公共管理学院,武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-31 修回日期:2016-09-02 出版日期:2016-11-16 发布日期:2016-11-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谢晋,女,湖南湘潭人,硕士生,研究方向为土地资源经济与管理。E-mail:1332412919@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41371519、71573099)中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2014RW013、2662015PY082)华中农业大学“人文社会学科优秀青年人才培养计划”资助课题

The impacts of farmer livelihood endowment on participation effectiveness in farmland conservation compensation policy:Chengdu and Suzhou as typical innovational practice areas

XIE Jin, CAI Yinying()   

  1. College of Public Administration,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China
  • Received:2016-05-31 Revised:2016-09-02 Online:2016-11-16 Published:2016-11-16

摘要:

以成都和苏州两个地区为实证,调查7个乡镇35个村的644户乡村家庭,采用典型相关模型分析生计禀赋对农户参与补偿政策成效的影响。研究表明:①成都受访农户的自然资本及物质资本有相对优势、生计资产高于苏州农户,但苏州农户的人力资本、金融资本及社会资本均较成都农户有优势。成都及苏州农户家庭的综合禀赋均与政策成效感知评价呈负相关关系,且苏州农户在政策满意度及政策激励其参与农田管护及农业生产积极性的感知评价均高于成都农户;②从生计禀赋综合评价值看,非农经营户(0.3084)>兼业经营户(0.3013)>农业经营户(0.3008),农业经营户的自然资本丰裕,非农经营户的金融资本较丰富。在补偿政策成效的评价值上,兼业经营户(0.1506)>非农经营户(0.1364)>农业经营户(0.1321),且自然资本丰裕度正向提升非农及兼业农户的补偿政策满意度,人力资本负向影响农业经营户的农田管护激励性;③苏州农户感知政策效应的关键生计指标依次为物质资本、金融资本及社会资本,自然资本、金融资本和物质资本则依次影响成都农户的政策满意度及农业生产积极性。建议根据农户家庭的资源禀赋情况采取适宜措施,促进农田保护补偿政策效率改进及提升。

关键词: 农田保护, 补偿政策, 生计禀赋, 参与成效, 典型相关模型

Abstract:

Farmland conservation compensation is the main policy instrument encouraging farmer households to participate in farmland protection. Chengdu and Suzhou are two typical innovative practice areas implementing farmland conservation compensation policy in China. Based on the survey of 644 households in 35 villages in these two regions,we analyzed the impact of farmer livelihood endowments on participation effectiveness in the compensation policy. We found that farmer households in Chengdu have comparative advantages at the natural capital and material capital,and their livelihood assets are higher than Suzhou`s farmer households. For farmer households in Suzhou,their human capital,financial capital and social capital are richer. The scores of Chengdu and Suzhou farmer household integrated livelihood endowments are negatively correlated with their assessments of participating in farmland conservation compensation. From the perspective of farmer policy satisfaction,and their enthusiasm in farmland conservation and agricultural production,the scores of farmer household participation effectiveness in Suzhou are higher than Chengdu. Non-farm household scores of livelihood endowments are greater than for other households,and their average financial capital is more abundant,while agricultural business household natural capital is richer. As the assessment of participation effectiveness,the score of the diversified farmers is 0.1506,and the scores of the non-farm and agricultural business households are 0.1364 and 0.1321,respectively. Natural capital is positively improving non-farm households and diversified farmer policy satisfaction;human capital is negatively influencing agricultural business household enthusiasm in agricultural production. For Suzhou farmer households,the key livelihood indicators are physical capital,financial capital and social capital. However,farmer household natural capital,physical capital and financial capital in turn affect policy satisfaction and agricultural production initiatives in Chengdu. It is necessary to adjust policy and improve farmers household participation effectiveness according to livelihood endowment.

Key words: farmland conservation, compensation policy, livelihood endowments, participation effectiveness, canonical correlation analysis