资源科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1711-1722.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.09.09

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农地整治项目建后管护模式的绩效差异及其原因分析

李金玉(), 杨钢桥(), 赵微, 汪文雄   

  1. 华中农业大学 公共管理学院,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-14 修回日期:2016-05-05 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-09-22
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李金玉,女,湖北宜昌人,硕士生,研究方向为农村土地整治。E-mail:lijinyu19900612@webmail.hzau.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(12BGL078);国家自然科学基金项目(71403094,71373097);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2662015PY127)

Performance differences between final management and maintenance modes of rural land consolidation projects and its reasons

LI Jinyu(), YANG Gangqiao(), ZHAO Wei, WANG Wenxiong   

  1. College of Public Administration,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China
  • Received:2016-01-14 Revised:2016-05-05 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-09-22

摘要:

本文借鉴平衡计分卡的基本思想,运用突变级数法构建农地整治项目建后管护绩效的递级突变模型,实现了农地整治项目建后管护绩效评价,并依据威廉姆森的交易费用理论,结合农地整治项目建后管护的特点,从资产专用性、不确定性和交易频率三个方面构建农地整治项目建后管护模式的交易费用指标体系,采用案例比较法对比分析了河南邓州市村委会管护模式和广西龙州县农民联户管护模式,探讨了农地整治项目建后管护模式的差异及其原因。结果表明:①借鉴平衡计分卡的基本思想,运用突变级数法构建农地整治项目建后管护绩效的递级突变模型,对农地整治项目建后管护绩效进行合理评价是可行的,为解决区域多目标评价问题提供了一种新的思路;②比较农地整治项目建后管护绩效评价的综合得分与各层面得分可知,研究区域农地整治项目建后管护绩效均较高,且广西龙州县农民联户管护模式的绩效高于河南邓州市村委会管护模式的绩效;③农地整治项目建后管护绩效的高低,取决于农地整治项目建后管护过程中交易费用的高低;不同农地整治项目建后管护模式,其资产专用性、不确定性和交易频率存在差异,导致交易费用不同,管护绩效自然存在差异,交易费用与管护绩效之间存在反相关关系;广西龙州县农民联户管护模式交易费用较小,绩效较高;河南邓州市村委会管护模式交易费用较大,绩效较低。因此,应因地制宜地采取措施,降低资产专用性程度、不确定性程度和交易频率,以提高农地整治项目建后管护绩效。

关键词: 农地整治项目, 建后管护, 绩效, 交易费用, 平衡计分卡, 突变级数法

Abstract:

This paper learnt from the basic idea of the balanced score card(BSC),built a progressive catastrophe model of final management and maintenance of rural land consolidation projects(FMMRLCP)using the catastrophe progression method and achieved the performance of FMMRLCP. Based on the transaction costs theory of Williamson and the features of FMMRLCP,we also built an indicator system to measure transaction costs from three aspects:asset specificity,uncertainty and transaction frequency. A case study was used to compare the mode of village committee management and maintenance in Dengzhou, Henan,China and the mode of farmer joint household management and maintenance in Longzhou, Guangxi. We then discussed the performance differences between these two modes of FMMRLCP and their causes. The results showed that it was practical and feasible to evaluate the performance of FMMRLCP by using the basic idea of BSC and building a progressive catastrophe model of the performance of FMMRLCP using the catastrophe progression method. It provided a new method to solve the problem of multi-objective evaluation of a specific area. Comparing the total scores and scores at all levels of the performance of FMMRLCP of the two modes,the performance levels of FMMRLCP in these two study areas were both high,and the performance level of the mode of village committee management and maintenance in Dengzhou was higher than the mode of farmer joint household management and maintenance in Longzhou. The level of the performance of FMMRLCP depended on the level of transaction costs. Different modes of FMMRLCP had different asset specificity uncertainty and transaction frequency,which led to different transaction cost. Therefore,the performance was different. Negative correlation existed between the transaction costs and the performance of FMMRLCP. The mode of farmer joint household management and maintenance in Longzhou had lower transaction costs and higher performance while the mode of village committee management and maintenance in Dengzhou had higher transaction costs and lower performance. Therefore,in order to enhance the performance of FMMRLCP,the local government should take specific measures according to local conditions and decrease the extent of asset specificity,the extent of uncertainty and transaction frequency.

Key words: rural land consolidation projects, final management and maintenance, project performance, transaction costs, balanced score card, catastrophe progression method